Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that severely affects the respiratory and digestive system. This disease affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat, and digestive juices. Screening of Cystic Fibrosis is being done extensively; hence, it can be detected within the first month of birth. Common symptoms are:
• Higher than normal salt level in sweat
• Pancreatitis, diabetes and infertility in adults
• A persistent cough, wheezing, breathlessness, and study nose in case of respiratory infection
• Foul smelling and greasy stools, poor weight gain, severe constipation and intestinal blockage in case of digestive tract infection
HOW IS CYSTIC FIBROSIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis will be done by a gynaecologist or a general physician with the help of an ultrasound to find the presence of the fibroids in the uterus. Also, a Pelvic MRI will be conducted to know the spread and damage.
HOW IS CYSTIC FIBROSIS TREATED?
The possible treatments for Cystic Fibrosis include:
• antibiotics to prevent and treat chest infections
• medicines to make the mucus in the lungs thinner and easier to cough up
• medicines to widen the airways and reduce inflammation
• special techniques and devices to help clear mucus from the lungs
• medicines that help the person absorb food better
• following a special diet and taking supplements to prevent malnutrition
• A lung transplant may eventually be needed if the lungs become greatly damaged.
DID YOU KNOW?
Second-hand smoke is harmful to everyone, but especially for people with cystic fibrosis.