Knee pain is a common symptom in people of all ages. It may start suddenly, often after an injury or exercise. Knee pain also may begin as a mild discomfort, then slowly get worse. The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
• Swelling and stiffness
• Redness and warmth to the touch
• Weakness or instability
• Popping or crunching noises
• Inability to fully straighten the knee
HOW IS KNEE PAIN DIAGNOSED?
A general physician may ask you several questions to analyse your symptoms and gauge your overall health. A thorough physical examination of the knee by bending it and checking for the severity of the pain will help with the diagnosis. X rays and MRI may be needed if the doctor suspects an internal injury or a broken bone.
HOW IS KNEE PAIN TREATED?
Treatments for knee pain are as varied as the conditions that can cause the pain. Medications might be prescribed to treat an underlying medical condition or for pain relief. Corticosteroid injections can help arthritis and other inflammations of the knee. Physical therapy will help in strengthening the muscles around the knee which will make it more stable and help guarantee the best mechanical movements. Knee operations range from arthroscopic knee surgery to total knee replacement.
DID YOU KNOW?
The prognosis of the condition is highly dependent on the cause of the knee pain.
To walk steadily, run or even for cycling the most important part of the body is the knee. Knee is used for rotating the body and also for holding the weight of the body along with the ankles and hips. Any pain in the knee can be excruciating and a traumatic experience that all of us will shiver at.
Knee pain which is mild usually disappears after some rest. If the pain does not disappear after taking rest and it only increases then there is a need to worry. Such knee pain may be due to some other cause which needs to be thoroughly checked. There are three types of knee pain according to the cause.
Arthritis or Gout causes knee pain, it is an autoimmune disease that causes pain and even infection to the knee joint. Arthritis needs to be treated with antibiotics for proper cure.
Any injury like fracture, dislocation or ligament tear cause pain to any part of the knee. Fractures cause swelling of the knee and immediate medical help is required in this case. Dislocation is painful and is a medical emergency that requires hospitalization of the patients. Ligament tear is similar to fracture and requires medical help.
Cyclists and runners develop knee pain over the course of time due to overuse of the knee. Such knee pain requires medical attention and only a trained orthopaedic surgeon will be able to suggest medicines and even exercise to reduce this pain.
When you visit the doctor for checking up your knee pain be sure to wear loose clothing which enables the doctor to check the knee easily. Doctors on examining the knee may suggest X-rays, blood tests and even tests for the fluid of the knee.
In case of gout or arthritis, doctors may suggest antibiotics which will reduce the infection in the knees.
A general practitioner is qualified to check for mild cases of knee pain. If the knee pain is due to causes like ligament tear or fracture or dislocation, it should be treated by an orthopaedic surgeon. For gout or arthritis it should be treated by a rheumatologist, who can prescribed proper antibiotics to treat them.
Treatment for knee pain includes physiotherapy, injections, or antibiotics. In some cases surgery may be required for setting the knee right. Old people or victims of accidents who suffer from knee pain will have to undergo knee replacement surgery. Knee replacement surgery is of two types – total knee replacement or partial knee replacement surgery.
Acupuncture is also used to cure knee pain. This is a long term process and involves small needles inserted into the skin.
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