The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland which is present in the neck and is formed of two interconnected lobes. The gland is located at the frontal portion of the neck and is responsible for secretion of thyroid hormones which affect metabolism, synthesis of protein and the overall development of a person. The thyroid is also responsible for the secretion of calcitonin which is responsible for calcium homeostasis (regulation of calcium levels).
The problems in the gland can range from goitre (enlargement of the thyroid gland) to cancerous growth in the gland.
Here are a few factors which cause Hyperthyroidism (over-production of thyroid hormones):
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: This particular inflammatory disease is considered to be the biggest cause of hyperthyroidism. It can be genetic or caused due to certain types of bacteria and viruses.
Radiation Therapies: The radiation therapies performed in and around the neck can affect the production of the thyroid hormone.
Medications: Certain medicines contain lithium which can affect the thyroid gland and lead to this condition.
Postpartum Hypothyroidism: Some women contract this condition post-pregnancy as their bodies start producing antibodies which go against the gland itself. This puts the foetus at risk.
Pituitary Disorders: The pituitary gland might fail to produce enough thyroid-stimulating hormone which can result in the development of benign tumour, which can be a cause for hyperthyroidism.
Listed below are a few symptoms of hyperthyroidism:
Sudden weight gain
Increased blood cholesterol level
Irregular menstrual cycles
Dry skin and puffiness in the face
Slower heart rate
Listed below are a few treatments for people suffering from the malfunctioning of the thyroid gland:
Conventional medication: Thyroid problems can usually be treated by using conventional medicines which aim at cleansing the system and restoring immune function. Certain medicines also balance the release of thyroid hormones.