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Last Updated: Jul 01, 2023

Role of Hormones in Female Sexuality

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Dr. S. KumarSexologist • 15 Years Exp.Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
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Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone are the hormones involved in a woman's sexual desire and functioning. The most influential hormone is testosterone that is produced by the ovaries.

Hormonal changes do not indicate a problem always. But they are responsible for regulating reproductive cycle, sex drive, and mood.

The role of the following hormones is absolutely vital in controlling a female's sexuality:

1. Estrogen

Estrogen is the primary female hormone responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle, controlling the development of female sex organs and thickening the lining of the uterus during pregnancy. When a woman approaches menopause, the level of estrogen begins to drop. Low levels of estrogen can lead to vaginal dryness, resulting in painful intercourse, and can affect mood and sleep patterns as well.

2. Testosterone

Testosterone is an important hormone in women as well. Estrogen is produced with the help of testosterone. High levels of testosterone are associated with increased sexual desire and sexual behavior in women. Since after menopause, the testosterone level begins to drop, it may contribute to the reduction of arousal and sexual response in women.

3. Progesterone

Progesterone also controls the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Progesterone level begins to drop after menopause. Changing levels of progesterone are associated with a woman's sexual behavior.