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Kidney Stones - Things You Should Know About Them!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Suresh Kumar Bhagat 87% (36 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS General Surgery, Christian Medical College Vellore
Urologist, Mumbai  •  30 years experience
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Hello,

I am Dr. Suresh Kumar Bhagat, Urologist. Today I will talk about kidney stones. Sabse pehle mai bataunga ki kidney stones ka rate 10-12% hota hai. India mein 100 mein se 12 logon ko kidney stones hain. Jismein se 50% logon ka kidney kharab ho jata hai. Sahi samay pe agar ilaj na kia jaaye toh ye problem hoti hai. Ab iska karan kya hai?Iske 2 factors hain. Ek factor hai jo humare body ke andar hai jisko hum change nhi kar sakte. Dusra hai bahar ke factors jisko hum kuch hadd tak badal sakte hain. Kuch age range hain jaise 20-45 ki age mein stones jyada hote hain. Male mein females se jyada stones hota hai. Plus ye hereditary bhi kam karta hai. Next hai aap ka climate, water intake, toh ye bhi affect karte hain. Iske symptoms kya hote hain?

Agar 2mm ka stones hai toh jyada problem nahi hoti hai agar vhi vo 6mm se jyada ho gaya toh aap ko pain hota hai. Agar stones bada hai jo kidney ko block kar deta hai ya fir chota stone ureter ko block kar deta hai toh aap ko severe pain hota hai. Vomiting hoti hai aap ko pain ke sath and emergency mein aap ko hospital jana padta hai. Ismein aap ko injection ke through medicine di jaati hai. Kabhi kabhi yadi vhi ureter ka stone aap ignore kar dete hain timely treatment nahi karate hain toh us se infection hota hai. Jiski vajaha se aap ko thand lagti hai and bukhar hota hai. Plus ye infection blood mein jata hai. Agar aap ko aisi problem ho rahi hai toh aap ko kisi na kisi urologist ko dikhani chaiye. Aur vo aap ko sahi salah denge. Dusri baat hai ki iska treatment kaisa kia jata hai. Ab latest technology ke according agar aap ke stones ka size up to 15-20 mm hai toh kidney mein surakh kia peshab ke raste se plastic ka durbin daal kar nikalate hain. Ye treatment mein deta hun.

Ab dusra point hai ki agar aap ne ilaj kar dia toh uske baad kya karna hai. Iske baad hum stones analysis karte hain. Hum aap ko salah dete hain ki aap ko kya karna hai ki stones formation na ho. Stones na form hon iske lia sabse badya dawayi hai paani. Paani ki matra badhayein. Jis se aap ka urine clear hoga. Is se stones banne ke chances kam ho jaate hain. Jisko ek baar stone hua hai use 1 saal ke anadar hi 5-10% stones dubara banne ke chances hote hain. Iske lia humein paani ki matra badhani chaiye. Kidney stones ko kabhi bhi ignore na karein kyuki jab vo chota hota hai toh use nikalana asan hota hai. Kabhi kabhi log puchte hain ki kya y apne aap dissolve hota hai? Aisa nahi hai. Koi bhi kidney stones apne aap dissolve nahi hota hai.

Surgery ki jarurat bhi tabhi padti hai jab stones bada hota hai. Aap ko medicines di jaati hai 3-4 weeks ke lia urologist ke dwara. Yadi bukhar aa raha hai ya fir pain hai toh use nikalna padta hai. Kab kab stones nikalna jaruri hai. Agar aap diabetic hain, ureter stones hain toh wait na karein aur treatment lein. Agar aap ko ek hi kidney hai toh use endoscopic technique ke dwara stones nikalana jaruri hai. Prevention is better than cure. Isliye adhik matra mein paani pijiye. Red meat kam khayein. Namak kam lein. In sabko karne se aap ko stones ki samasya fir se nahi hogi. Asah karta hun ki aap ko meri baat samajh aayi hogi.

Thank You.

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