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Hypertension In Children And Adolescents

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Hypertension In Children And Adolescents

Hypertension is characterized by persistently high blood pressure. When someone's blood pressure is continuously higher than normal, it's identified as hypertension. Blood pressure usually rises with age and height in childhood and adolescence. As a result, a normal blood pressure number for your child will alter year after year, just as normal height and weight values would change.

A child or teenager is diagnosed with hypertension if their average blood pressure is at or above 95 percent for their age, sex, and height when measured multiple times during three visits or more.

Is It True That Children May Develop Hypertension?

Yes, and children's hypertension is on the rise. While the origin of the surge in pediatric hypertension is uncertain, many people feel it is tied to the obesity epidemic that is currently sweeping the country. Since 1980, childhood and teenage obesity rates have nearly quadrupled. Furthermore, when only this group of at-risk children is included, the projected proportion of children with hypertension is substantially higher, ranging from 20% to 47%.


How Can I Tell If My Child Has High Blood Pressure?

Your child's blood pressure should be checked at least once a year, ideally at each visit to the doctor. If your child's blood pressure is in the 90th percentile or higher, testing should be done three times, preferably by manual auscultation. If the sum of these three readings is at or above the 95th percentile, your kid should see a doctor for more testing to confirm that his or her blood pressure is high. Hypertension is defined as a child's average blood pressure being at or above the 95th percentile based on several readings obtained over several visits.


What Is The Best Way To Manage Hypertension In Children?

The treatment of hypertension in children should focus on the underlying cause as well as the development of a heart-healthy lifestyle. The following are lifestyle choices that children and their families should make:

  • If you're overweight, you should lose weight

  • Aerobic activity on a daily basis

  • Sedentary activities are kept to a bare minimum

  • Fresh fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products should be consumed on a regular basis

  • Sugar-sweetened beverages are little to non-existent

  • Avoid high-salt meals and go for low-cholesterol ones

Some youngsters also need medicine to control their blood pressure. A secondary cause is a hypertension in children who require blood pressure medication, are symptomatic from their hypertension, have a diagnosis of diabetes or evidence of organ damage as a result of their hypertension, and still have hypertension six months after adopting lifestyle adjustments.


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