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How to Prevent Cardiac Disease?

Written and reviewed by
Dr.Garima 93% (462ratings)
How to Prevent Cardiac Disease?

Heart diseases continue to be one of the deadliest ailments known to mankind. It is one of the leading causes of death all over the world. To combat heart or cardiac ailments you need to be aware of the risk factors so that you can take timely action. However, many of these factors are beyond your control and this is where preventive measures come in. If you are cautious, you can drastically reduce your risk of suffering from heart problems.

What are the risk factors of heart diseases?

  • Age- Your age is linked directly with heart disorders. The older you get, the greater is your risk of heart disease. For women, it is 55 years and for men, it is 45. Therefore, once you near this age, it is time to take some measures.

  • Gender- Heart disease risks differ from men to women. Women of menstruation age receive protection against heart problems because their body generates oestrogen. However, when it comes to diabetes, women are at greater risk of heart disorders than men are.

  • Family history- If someone in your family has a heart disorder it raises your chances of getting one.

Why you need to go for thorough check-ups?

By being aware about the risk factors, you will know if you are at a greater risk of suffering from a heart disease or not and that is why you need to go for regular check-ups.

Doctors always stress on the importance of regular check-ups. A check-up can detect the onset of a heart disease. The sooner it is detected, the better. In the initial phase, heart disorders are easier to treat and you have greater chances of recovering. Some of the tests your doctor may recommend are-

  • Monitoring your blood pressure (your BP is one of the chief indicators of your heart’s health)

  • Echocardiogram test (it checks if your heart and its valves are functioning properly)

  • Electrocardiograph test (it determines whether the muscles of the heart are functioning well and getting the appropriate supply of oxygen)

  • Electrophysiological tests (monitors heart rhythms to check the electrical activity of your heart)

Preventive measures for keeping heart diseases at bay

  • Exercise- Obesity is a leading cause of heart diseases and the most effective way of keeping yourself fit by exercising regularly. Maintaining a healthy body weight can reduce the chances of contracting heart ailments.

  • Eat healthily: Remember to avoid greasy unhealthy food. Junk food contains saturated fats that can damage your heart.

  • Cut back on smoking: Smoking increases your blood pressure, which can cause heart problems.

  • Stress management- Stress is one of the chief contributors to heart ailments. You can manage stress by reading, listening to music, taking up new activities etc.

  • Control your blood sugar- Diabetes increases your risk of heart attack by two times. Therefore, you should go for regular blood tests that can tell you if your blood sugar levels are normal.

  • Sleep- Not getting enough sleep makes you prone to high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes - all these trigger heart ailments.

A heart ailment can ruin both your physical and mental health, which is exactly why you need to follow the above-mentioned preventive measures, most importantly regular heart check-ups to ensure your heart is working properly.

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