Bankart's lesion is condition of the shoulder joint, which is characterized by the tearing of the labrum (cartilage) from the shoulder socket called the glenoid fossa. In order to understand this, you need to understand the anatomy of the shoulder joint.
The glenohumeral joint is the portion of the shoulder where the tip of the upper arm (humerus) attaches itself to the scapula. The specific area of the scapula where the humerus is attached is known as the glenoid cavity. The labrum is a soft tissue that runs along the glenoid, its function being to stabilize the ball of the joint in the shoulder socket. It facilitates the movement of the arm by ensuring congruence between the glenoid and the humerus bone.
The symptoms of Bankart's lesion are:
The causes which may lead to a Bankart's lesion:
Treatment for Bankart's lesion:
The condition is treated after the doctor performs a thorough diagnosis of the symptoms. Once the symptoms are diagnosed, anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed for pain relief. Hot or cold compresses may also be applied on the affected area to ease the pain. In severe cases, arthroscopic surgery is done to treat the condition.
Rehabilitation involves performing various external rotation exercises to strengthen the rotator cuff joint. Various stretches may be prescribed as well to improve the mobility and flexibility of the shoulder joint.