If you have asthma, you should be aware of the most effective short- and long-term treatments. This will assist you and your physician in managing your symptoms. It's critical to know when to call your doctor if you're having symptoms or an asthma attack to avoid an emergency.
Tablets, liquids, injections, and inhalers are among the asthma therapies available. Many drugs are inhaled deeply and come in the form of sprays or powders. You can use an inhaler or a nebulizer to take them. Both have the ability to administer medications that are either immediate or long-acting. The gadget you use has no effect on the medicine's effectiveness. It's a personal choice, and each technique has advantages and disadvantages.
These portable devices are used to pump medicine into your lungs. They need some coordination on the part of the user because they require pushing the apparatus and then inhaling the substance. Because inhalers are small, light, and portable, they are easy to misplace. The two types of inhalers available are dry powder inhalers (DPI) and metered-dose inhalers (MDI).
An MDI sprays a regulated amount of medicine into your lungs when you press the inhaler button. The inhaler is connected to a spacer, which 'holds' the medicine in a small chamber until you're ready to inhale it. This is perfect for babies and little children. A facemask or a mouthpiece can be attached to the spacer for easy breathing.
The drug in a dry powder inhaler is dispersed as powder. To use it, take a deep breath and aggressively inhale the powder from the inhaler. Due to its complicated working, it is advised to use the product under expert supervision.
Nebulizers are battery- or plug-in-powered devices that turn liquid asthma treatments into a mist that may be inhaled. Because they are self-contained, they are especially good for youngsters. Put on the nebulizer's mouthpiece or facemask and slowly inhale the mist to obtain the medicine. It usually takes five to ten minutes to inhale the drug from the nebulizer. In contrast to inhalers, the devices require electricity and are less portable. They can be cumbersome and annoying.
Asthma medications are typically split into two groups:
Bronchodilators are medications that relax the muscles in your lungs, allowing you to breathe easier. This widens your airways, making breathing easier.
Anti-inflammatory medicines help to minimize lung inflammation. They make it easier to breathe by lowering emphysema and irritation in the lungs. To assist prevent asthma symptoms, anti-inflammatory drugs are used on a daily basis.