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Top Health Tips on Managing Glaucoma

Combat Diabetes with These Ayurvedic Remedies

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), PG Dip Panchakarma, PG Dip Ksharsutra For Piles, Pilonidal, Sinus & Fistula Management, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA), Certificate In Diabetes Update
Ayurvedic Doctor, Navi Mumbai
Combat Diabetes with These Ayurvedic Remedies
Diabetes is a condition wherein the sugar levels in your blood increases significantly. This happens when the sugar you consume from food is not efficiently processed by the body thus, raising your blood sugar levels. An excess concentration of sugar in the blood can make you prone to various health complications.

Symptoms
The symptoms of diabetes include frequent urge to urinate, increased thirst, increased hunger and rapid weight loss, combined with fatigue and irritability. Diabetes can also cause problems in the eyes, such as blurred vision as well as make you prone to cataracts and even glaucoma (in very rare cases). With diabetes, any injury or body sore tends to take a lot of time to heal.

Causes
Diabetes is a disorder that occurs due to impaired insulin functioning. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by pancreas, which is located right below the stomach. Diabetes, when occurs as a result of insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas, is known as Type 1 Diabetes. In this type, the immune cells in the body attack the cells in the pancreas, which produce insulin, thus discouraging insulin secretion.
Another kind is the Type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the cells in the body become insulin resistant. Most cases of diabetes are of this particular type, as one of the major reasons behind this is following an erratic lifestyle devoid of healthy habits.

Gestational diabetes is the third type, although it isn t very common. During pregnancy, the various hormones that are secreted in the body can play spoilsport with the functioning of the pancreas, thus the production of insulin. This leads to a drastic rise in blood sugar levels.

Ayurvedic treatment

Eat healthy: Eating healthy assumes the maximum importance; you need to eat healthy in order to control diabetes effectively. Include plenty of fruits and vegetables in the diet, but make sure to pick foods that contain little sugar. Fruits such as bananas and grapes are not the best options for a diabetic. Rather, one should consider cucumber and bitter gourd in such circumstances.
Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can keep your body weight at optimal levels which goes a long way in preventing and controlling symptoms of diabetes. Besides being good for your heart, cardiovascular exercises such as running bring down the excess glucose levels in the blood.
Limit stress: Stress is very harmful for the body as it reduces your immunity against diseases and infections. Leading a stressful life can make you prone to a variety of disorders, diabetes being one of them. Relaxation techniques such as meditation and yoga can help one deal with stress effectively.
7784 people found this helpful

Benefits Of Honey!

Vedicgram Ayurveda
Ayurvedic Doctor, Noida
Benefits Of Honey!
Traditionally, the use of honey stretches back to time immemorial. It is still considered one of the most precious gifts of nature to mankind. Modern research also suggests that honey has unique medicinal and nutritional properties. Honey should be incorporated in your daily diet as it is one food which is naturally beneficial for your overall health and does have any side effects.

Following are the traditional uses of honey, according to ayurveda:

1. Prevents anemia: Honey contains high amounts of iron, manganese and copper which are very essential for building hemoglobin. According to ancient texts, honey is a traditional cure as well as prevention for anemia as it helps in maintaining the optimum level of red blood corpuscles and hemoglobin.

2. Promotes eye health: Honey has been used to treat various eye diseases since ancient times. It is known to improve vision with daily application. It is an effective cure against diseases like conjunctivitis, trachoma or even something as minor as eye itching. It is also beneficial to treat glaucoma in the early stages.

3. Skin care: Ancient texts on ayurveda mention that external application of honey is effective in curing sores or other wounds. It works like an antiseptic and helps to soothe pain and hastens the healing process. It is also used to treat skin burns or carbuncles.

4. Cure for coughs: Honey is extremely useful in treating coughs. It works as a demulcent which aids in soothing the swollen mucous membrane present on the upper respiratory tract. It relieves you from irritating coughs and associated symptoms like frequent spurts of cough while talking and difficulty in swallowing. It is a chief ingredient in ayurvedic cough syrups for the same reason. You can also try honey gargles to relieve pain from throat inflammation.
7519 people found this helpful

Glaucoma - Are You at Risk?

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology, Diploma in Ophthalmology , Fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Glaucoma - Are You at Risk?
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in people across the globe. It damages the optic nerve that carries sensory images from the retina to the brain. A faulty eye pressure is responsible for damaging the very delicate optic nerve fiber causing small blind spots in the retina. Unfortunately, for most patients this disease only gets diagnosed when the number of blind spots is on the higher side.

Types of Glaucoma

Open angle: This is a type of Glaucoma which results from the blockage of the drainage angle of the eye resulting into an increased eye pressure.
Angle closure: This is the kind of Glaucoma which results from the narrowing down of the drainage angle leading to complete blockage.
Target segment of Glaucoma

Family history: Inheritance surely plays a role in case of Glaucoma too. If Glaucoma runs through families of an individual, there are higher chances of getting this disease. Although there is no hard and fast rule about it, the risks of inheriting this disease are on the higher side.
Eye injury: If there is any history of previous eye injuries, the probability of the onset of Glaucoma cannot be turned down. Specially, if the injury is related to optic nerve, there are very high risks involved.
Bilateral Oophorectomy: Dual Ovary removal before the age of 40 results in deficiency of estrogen resulting in Glaucoma. Although most surgeons warn their patients of the possible risk of these procedures, many surgeries such as these have resulted in patients losing eyesight in the form of Glaucoma.
Patient with Diabetes: In case of acute diabetes, retina gets damaged and the eye starts producing new blood vessels on the iris resulting into an increased eye pressure. This condition often leads to Glaucoma due to blockage of fluid flow in the eye.
Eye Conditions: Myopia, multiple surgeries to the eye, blunt trauma etc. can lead to Glaucoma. A patient who has undergone any kind of eye surgeries suffers from inflammation. However, major inflammation is often found twisting blood flow in the eye resulting into Glaucoma.
If a patient is 40 or above: After a person reaches 40 years of age, a lot of diseases start cropping in to the body. Studies show that Glaucoma has a higher frequency in people who is more than the age of 40 or above.
High eye pressure: A patient with an eye pressure of above 21 mm HG is also at a very high risk of getting glaucoma. For a normal person the IOP lies between 10 to 21 mm HG.
Blood flow related disease: Diseases such as acute migraine, hypertension and low blood pressure which involves blood flow related problem often aggravate to glaucoma.
Ethnic Background: Statistics show that people from Afro American, Hispanics, Asian and Caribbean background have greater chances of being affected by Glaucoma.
5602 people found this helpful

Glaucoma - How Easy It Is To Treat It?

ABC
Ophthalmologist, Jodhpur
Glaucoma - How Easy It Is To Treat It?
This disease can be developed or inherited; it usually refers to the accumulation of fluid inside a person's eyes leading to excessive pressure on his or her optic nerve.

How to diagnose the symptoms of Glaucoma in a person:-
1. A fundamental eye examination- An experienced eye doctor will check the dilated pupils of your eyes so as to take a closer look at the optic nerve that further discerns the stage of glaucoma a patient is in. Doctors tend to keep track on the sequential progression of glaucoma and its specific mode of treatment through pictures of the optic nerve taken during an examination.

2. Tonometry may also be performed- Signs of Glaucoma may be spotted through the procedure called tonometry where the doctor will test a person's eye pressure and so on so forth. A visual field test might also be conducted to check if the patient can see things at the periphery of his line of vision.

Symptoms that will help a doctor identify this condition in people:-

a) A loss of peripheral vision is experienced in the early stages of glaucoma.
b) A person may see halos when in the presence of bright lights.
c) Your eyes could turn red.
d) Hazy or blurry vision is a problem faced by young children affected with glaucoma.
e) Glaucoma could be accompanied by headaches and eye pain.
f) An affected person might repeatedly feel nauseous.

Ways to treat Glaucoma in a person:-

1. Microsurgery can effectively treat Glaucoma- Microsurgery can be performed in various ways. There is one way in which a channel is made to pump out the fluid creating extra pressure on the optic nerve. This method is referred to as trabeculectomy.

2. Eye drops can be used to remedy the condition- Eye drops can relieve you from painful glaucoma. They are known to control the formation of excess fluid in a person's eye. In some cases, they can induce the accumulating fluid to flow out of the patient's eyes.

3. Laser treatment can also work wonders- Laser surgeries can be undertaken to get rid of glaucoma. Laser can help in moving out fluid from the eyes of the affected person. It successfully hinders fluid blockage as well. There are different kinds of laser treatments available to cure glaucoma.
5105 people found this helpful

Frequently Asked Questions Related To Eye Health!

BAMS, CRAV - Ophthalmology
Ayurvedic Doctor, Gurgaon
Play video
Hello,

Mera naam Dr Bharat Bhushan hai. Main 2 varshon se aankhon ka ilaaj kar raha hoon, iske pehle bhi mein practice karta tha to total 8 varshon se mein aankhon mein Ayurvedic paddhti se ilaaj kar raha hoon. Patient : Doctor sahab ye glaucoma kya hota Hai? Doctor : Glaucoma ek kafi khatarnak aankhon ki bimari hai jismein ki jo aankhon ka jo roshani hai wo jaane ka khatra hota hai. Isko silent thief of sight bhi bolte hain ki pata bhi nahi lagta hai ki dheere-dheere hamen blindness aati jaa rahi hai aur sansar ke andar ye second leading disease hai joki blindness ya andhtaa ko karne ka karan hai, pratyek varsh jo hai wo 10 lakh se jyada patient jo hai apne Bharat varsh mein wo glaucoma se grasht hote hain joki dhire-dhire roshni dhire-dhire kamjor hoti chali jaati hai. Glaucoma optic nerve ek problem hai jismein ki aankh ko jo naas hai wo dhire-dhire kamjor hoti jaati hai, aankh ki naas yani ki optic nerve jo retina ke signals ko brain tak le jaane ke kaam karta hai jisse ki ham logon ko dikhta hai to glucoma ke karan se aankh ki jo naas hai hi wo dhire-dhire kharab ho jaati hai.

Patient : Doctor sahab ye glaucoma kyon hota hai? Doctor : Glaucoma vaise to kya hai ki abhi tak iska exactly karan maloom nahin hai ki ye glaucoma kyon hota hai lekin fir bhi agar aap risk factor dekhe to family history hai koi jinko glaucoma hai, unko glaucoma ho sakta hai, 40 sal ki age ke bad mein generally African Americans ko check karna chahiye ki unko glaucoma hone ke chances hai, high myopics hai unko glaucoma hone ke chances hota hai, cornea jinka patla hai jinka thin cornea hai unko glaucoma hone ka chances ho sakta hai, jinko diabetes hai, high blood pressure hai unko aankh ka pressure jada hone ka chances ho sakta hai. Stressful life aajkal ka jo disturb lifestyle hai usko glaucoma hone ka chances hota hai, smoking, alcohol ye karan to nahi hai but risk factor ho sakte hain ki jo log in ko jyada upyog karte hain to unko glaucoma hone ka chances hota hai to ye sab risk factors hai lekin abhi tak exactly nahi pata hai ki glucoma exactly kyon hota hai. Patient : Glaucoma ke lakshan kya-kya hote hain? Doctor : Glaucoma vaise maine aapko bataya ki glaucoma silent thief of sight hai ya isko silent blindness ka karan hai, pata nahi lagta hai ki dheere-dheere roshni kamjor hoti chali jaati hai.

To ya to kisi ko lakshan ho nausea, vomiting, sar-dard jyada ho raha hai to pressure check karke pata lagta hai ki uski aankh ka pressure jyada hai ya incidently patient agar dikhane ke liye ya apna vision check karane ke liye aaya hai to doctor usko dilate karke optic nerve test karta hai to pata lagta hai ki optic nerve mein kharabi agyi hai to bohot majority of the cases mein accidentally pata lagta hai hamen glaucoma hai. Patient : Doctor sahab glaucoma ka ilaj kya hai? Doctor : Glaucoma ka ilaj abhi tak hamara jo aadhunik chikitsa paddhati hai to usmein to sirf aankh ka pressure ko kam karne ke liye antiglaucomatic drops hai us tarah ki jo hamara dusra allopathic mitra hain jo eye doctors hai jo patients ke liye use karte hain aur iske alava kuch-kuch patients mein lasers hai peripheral iridotomy karte hain ya kabhi-kabhi window operation hai jisse ki aankh ka pressure ko bypass karke usko pressure se bachane ke liye koshish karte hain but abhi bhi tak safalta purvak koi bhi iska ilaaj abhi takb sambhav nahi hai. Jahan tak ham log ayurvedic chikitsa karte hain to ham log bhi usko aisa nahi bol sakte hain ki ye purntah theek ho sakta hai lekin jo uska optic nerve dhire-dhire degeneration hota ja raha hai, dheere-dheere kharab ho raha hai ya aankh ka pressure bhi jyada hai to us pressure ko kam kar sakte hain apna ayurvedic treatment se aur pressure kam karne ke sath-sath mein uski optic pressure nerve ko strengthened kiya ja sakta hai ya optic nerve jo kharab ho raha hai usko kharab hone se roka ja sakta hai, aise bhi kuchh patient rahe jinko complete optic atrophy ho gaya ya advance optic atrophy ho gaya.

To aise cases mein bhi kuch positive result dekhne ko mila hai ki jinko vision jaane ke bad bhi thoda vision aaya hai ya peripheral vision usko thoda improve hua hai. To usko ham log as a cure to nahi bol sakte hain but lekin management of glaucoma is possible in the ayurved ya ayurvedic ke netri-chikitsa se glaucoma ko manage kiya ja sakta hai taki patient jo hai apna pura jindagi jo hai safalta purvak nirvaha kare aur apna vision ko accha rakhe. Patient : Doctor sahab glaucoma ke roktham ke liye kya kuch batayen ? Doctor : Roktham ke liye jaisa maine abhi bataya aapko ki glaucoma ke jo risk factors hai usko kam karen agar high myopic hai to apna myopia jyada na bade usko dekhne ka upay karen, regularly apna check up karayen, cornea kamjor hai to cornea ka ilaaj bhi lagatar karayen, sugar hai to sugar control rakhen, sugar ke sath-sath mein glaucoma na hone paye iska upaye karen, blood pressure hai blood pressure ko control rakhen, lifestyle ko theek rakhen, jaldi soye, bohot stressful life na rahe, regular exercise karen, physical exercise hai ya yog, pranayam regular karen, ek aisa ek study abhi AIMS mein hua tha abhi ismein kuch glaucoma patients ka meditation kiya gaya and ye publish bhi hua hai ki meditation se jo eye pressure hai wo down hota hai, iske alava bhi jitna caffeine agar jadaa use karte hain to caffeine ko kam karen, na use karen, alcohol band karen, smoking jyada na karen.

To ye sare ke sare jo risk factors hai, fatty hai, obesity fatty hai to thoda exercise karen to ye sabh thoda dhyan rakhen ki jisse ki glucoma agar family history hai kisi ko glaucoma se to usko apna regular investigation karana chahiye aur glaucoma ko rokane ke upaye karne chahiye, agar ham log bhojan mein dekhen to hari sabjiyan jitni bhi sari ki sari hai ya peele faal jo hai jismein ki carotene jyada rehata hai is tarah ki cheezon ko jaise vitamin A, jaise ki shigru hai ya sehajan ki falli jo bolte hain usmein bohot adhik matra mein vitamin A hota hai. Is tarhan ki cheezon ka upyog karen aur acchi bhojan shaili rahe to jitna ho sake to injuries kam se kam ho aankhon mein, jo regular injuries agar rehti hai to usko bhi glaucoma hone ke chances jyada rehte hain to ye sab rokne ke upaye karen aur agar kisi ko glaucoma pata lag gaya hai to apne najdeek jaldi se jaldi najdeek mein aankh ke doctor ko dikhayen, check karayen, aankh ke pressure ko kam karne ke liye ilaaj karayen, aankh ki naas aage kharab na ho uska ilaaj karayen, chahe wo ayurvedic chikitsak hai ya allopathic chikitsak hai unse dikhayen aur Ayurved chikitsa karne se yeh fayda hai ki uske pressure ko jaldi hi theek kiya ja sakta hai,

kal bhi ek patient ko dekha tha usko pehle pressure jyada tha aur usko surgery advice kiya gaya hai lekin ham logon ne usko kuchh dawai, kuchh din upyog kiya hai to pressure down ho gaya hai aur usko surgery karne ka avashyakta nahin hai aisa AIMS mein jo HOD madam hai unho ne unko bola hai to is tarike se pressure ko kam kiya ja sakta hai ya jo aankh ki naas jo kamjor ho raha hai ya kharab ho raha hai to bohot sari ayurvedic davaiyan hai jinko upyog karke aankh ki naas ko majboot jiya ja sakta hai ya kharab hone se roka ja sakta hai iske alava jo ham therapy karte hain yahan hospital mein pindi hai, vidalak hai ya shirodhara, takradhara ya netradhara, akshiprashalan to itne ye sab inko ham log karen to mujhe lagta hai ki ham log patient ko glaucoma usko nuksan na pahunchaye uski aankh ki naas ko kharab na kare aur jivan jo hai safalta purvak nirvaha kare. To jitna jaldi ho sake usko theek karne ka koshish karna chahiye, apna lifestyle ko healthy rakhen pehle to koshish karen ki na ho agar ho gaya hai to Ayurved netra chikitsa mein glaucoma ka safal ilaaj hai usko theek roop se maintain kiya ja sakta hai quality of life, quality of vision, kyunki netra ke paripeksh main jo quality of vision hai wo patient ko maintain kiya jaa sakta hai jaise ki hamara moto bhi yahi hai ki bharat sarve bhadrani pashyantu sabko achcha dikhna chahiye to uske liye glucoma ko bhi ilaaj karne ke liye bhi Ayurved netra chikitsa mein bohot safal ilaaj sambhav hai.
Thank you.
4935 people found this helpful

Glaucoma - How To Detect It?

MBBS, DNB - Ophthalmology, FRCS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Glaucoma - How To Detect It?
Glaucoma: an overview

This disease can be developed or inherited; it usually refers to the accumulation of fluid inside a person's eyes leading to excessive pressure on his or her optic nerve.

How to diagnose the symptoms of Glaucoma in a person?

1. A fundamental eye examination- An experienced eye doctor will check the dilated pupils of your eyes so as to take a closer look at the optic nerve that further discerns the stage of glaucoma a patient is in. Doctors tend to keep track of the sequential progression of glaucoma and its specific mode of treatment through pictures of the optic nerve taken during an examination.

2. Tonometry may also be performed- Signs of Glaucoma may be spotted through the procedure called tonometry where the doctor will test a person's eye pressure and so on so forth. A visual field test might also be conducted to check if the patient can see things at the periphery of his line of vision.

Symptoms that will help a doctor identify this condition in people:-

a) A loss of peripheral vision is experienced in the early stages of glaucoma.
b) A person may see halos when in the presence of bright lights.
c) Your eyes could turn red.
d) Hazy or blurry vision is a problem faced by young children affected by glaucoma.
e) Glaucoma could be accompanied by headaches and eye pain.
f) An affected person might repeatedly feel nauseous.

Ways to treat Glaucoma in a person:-

1. Microsurgery can effectively treat Glaucoma- Microsurgery can be performed in various ways. There is one way in which a channel is made to pump out the fluid creating extra pressure on the optic nerve. This method is referred to as trabeculectomy.

2. Eye drops can be used to remedy the condition- Eye drops can relieve you from painful glaucoma. They are known to control the formation of excess fluid in a person's eye. In some cases, they can induce the accumulating fluid to flow out of the patient's eyes.

3. Laser treatment can also work wonders- Laser surgeries can be undertaken to get rid of glaucoma. Laser can help in moving out fluid from the eyes of the affected person. It successfully hinders fluid blockage as well. There are different kinds of laser treatments available to cure glaucoma.
4848 people found this helpful

Diagnosis and Treatment for Glaucoma

MS, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Diagnosis and Treatment for Glaucoma
Glaucoma: An Overview
This disease can be developed or inherited; it usually refers to the accumulation of fluid inside a person's eyes leading to excessive pressure on his or her optic nerve.

How to Diagnose the Symptoms of Glaucoma-

A Fundamental Eye Examination: An experienced eye doctor will check the dilated pupils of your eyes so as to take a closer look at the optic nerve that further discerns the stage of glaucoma a patient is in. Doctors tend to keep track on the sequential progression of glaucoma and its specific mode of treatment through pictures of the optic nerve taken during an examination.

Tonometry may also be performed:Signs of Glaucoma may be spotted through the procedure called tonometry where the doctor will test a person's eye pressure and so on so forth. A visual field test might also be conducted to check if the patient can see things at the periphery of his line of vision.

Symptoms that will help a doctor identify this condition in people:-

A loss of peripheral vision is experienced in the early stages of glaucoma.
A person may see halos when in the presence of bright lights.
Your eyes could turn red.
Hazy or blurry vision is a problem faced by young children affected with glaucoma.
Glaucoma could be accompanied by headaches and eye pain.
An affected person might repeatedly feel nauseous.
Ways to Treat Glaucoma:-

Microsurgery can effectively treat Glaucoma: Microsurgery can be performed in various ways. There is one way in which a channel is made to pump out the fluid creating extra pressure on the optic nerve. This method is referred to as trabeculectomy.

Eye Drops: Eye drops can relieve you from painful glaucoma. They are known to control the formation of excess fluid in a person's eye. In some cases, they can induce the accumulating fluid to flow out of the patient's eyes.

Laser Treatment: Laser surgeries can be undertaken to get rid of glaucoma. Laser can help in moving out fluid from the eyes of the affected person. It successfully hinders fluid blockage as well. There are different kinds of laser treatments available to cure glaucoma.
4733 people found this helpful

What Is Glaucoma?

Cornea Cataract & Lasik
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Play video
Hello everyone,

I am Dr. Saurabh Sharma, glaucoma consultant. So in this video we'll talk about what is glaucoma, who gets glaucoma and what are the symptoms of glaucoma. Glaucoma as we generally know in Hindi as Kala motia, is a silent killer of sight which affects the back of the eye in particular optic nerve. The optic nerve is like a wire which takes the information, the light, from the eye to the brain and that is how we can see. The major factor for getting glaucoma is increased pressure of the eye. But there are some people who have normal pressure and still they get the optic nerve damage in particularly those patients who have decreased blood flow to the eye. So the optic nerve because of these reasons gets slowly slowly damaged and the important point to remember at this point is the part of the optic nerve which is damaged is irreversible and that is why glaucoma is considered to be the most common cause of irreversible blindness in India as well as world. So who gets glaucoma? Anyone, since birth till old age can get this dreaded disease.

But there are some people who are more prone to get glaucoma like those people who have a family history as in glaucoma runs in families. Those people have three times more risk of getting glaucoma as general population. Others like those people who have long eyes who are myopic, who wear minus glasses or who have thin corneas the front part of the eye or there are some aggravating factors like diabetes, thyroid, migraine; all these are risk factors of getting glaucoma. Regarding the symptoms of glaucoma as I have told you it is a silent killer of sight means generally there are no symptoms of glaucoma. There is no pain, there is no vision loss. The patient will not realise that he has glaucoma until and unless he is seen by the doctor; that is why it is very important for early examinations in such conditions.

However, some people can have some frequent change of glasses particularly near glasses and some people who are aware of the surroundings can be aware of their peripheral vision getting smaller and slowly slowly the vision becomes smaller and comes creeper, it becomes darker from the periphery and then creeps to the centre. Most of the patients who are coming to us, 50% of the optic nerve is already damaged and the people will not realise that they getting glaucoma and the resultant 50% of the optic nerve is damaged. In a few subset of patients which are known as the angle closure glaucoma patients, these patients are those we have which have very small eyes, who are wearing plus number of glasses. In such patients there is a risk of getting very high, extremely high pressures and then they can present early with redness, pain, loss of vision, nausea, vomiting, headaches but these are very few subset of patients. This can be diagnosed early because the patients have some symptoms in such cases.

But in generally, in glaucoma patient does not have any symptoms unless and until 50% of the optic nerve is damaged. That is why it is very very important for getting your eye examined frequently. We at Bharti eye hospital take utmost care for screening of patients particularly those patients are above 40 years of age and those who are at risk of getting glaucoma to screen whether they are getting this dreaded disease or not.

Thank you very much.
4728 people found this helpful

Glaucoma - Types, Causes & Symptoms Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Ophthalmology, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Glaucoma - Types, Causes & Symptoms Of It!
Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye's optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve. Glaucoma is the second largest cause of eye blindness in the world.

There are several types of Glaucoma:

Open-angle Glaucoma
Normal-tension Glaucoma
Angle-closure Glaucoma
Congenital Glaucoma
Secondary Glaucoma
Glaucoma suspect
How will you know that you are suffering from Glaucoma?

Only half the people with glaucoma are aware that they are suffering from this condition. When Glaucoma develops, there are usually no early symptoms. This is why glaucoma can 'steal' sight gradually.

Symptoms:

In its early stages, open-angle Glaucoma has no obvious symptoms. As the disease progresses more blind spots develop in the peripheral (side) view.
An attack of angle-closure Glaucoma includes the following:
Severe pain in the eye or forehead
Redness of the eye
Decreased vision or blurred vision
Vision rainbows or halos
Headache
Nausea
Vomiting
If you get any of the symptoms rush to your doctor and take an eye exam as soon as possible.

Causes:

Eye injury
Inflammation of the eye
Dilating eye drops
Blocked or restricted drainage in your eye
Use of steroid-containing medications (pills, eye drops, sprays)
Poor or reduced blood flow to your optic nerve
High or elevated blood pressure
Who is at Risk for Glaucoma?
People with more risk of developing Glaucoma include people who:

Are over age 40
Have family members with glaucoma
Have high eye pressure
Are farsighted or nearsighted
Have had an eye injury
Have diabetes, migraines, high blood pressure, poor blood circulation or other health problems affecting the whole body.
4713 people found this helpful

5 Most Common Eye Problems - Do You Think They Can Be Treated?

ABC
Ophthalmologist, Jodhpur
5 Most Common Eye Problems - Do You Think They Can Be Treated?
Most individuals suffer from eye problems sometime in their entire life span. Since our eyes are one of the most important assets and sense organs, periodic check ups are recommended to prevent serious eye problems. Here is a list of 5 primary eye diseases, their causes and cure:

Conjunctivitis
This disease is commonly called pink eye. It involves swelling of the conjunctiva lines inside the eyelids which cover the sclera of the eyes as well.

Causes
1. May occur because of factors like viruses, bacteria and substances, which cause irritation such as shampoo, smoke, dirt, chlorine in swimming pools.
2. Dust, pollens or similar allergies may cause this disease in sensitive people.
3. This disease is infectious in nature and spreads from person to person.
This disorder may be treated with eye drops, pills or ointments containing antibiotics. Avoid being with other people when affected and also abstain from using contact lenses.

Glaucoma
In case of this disease, the optic nerve of the eye is damaged and can lead to loss of vision over time. Build-up of pressure takes place inside the eye.

Causes
1. Occurs due to intense pressure within the eyes or the intraocular pressure.
2. The extra pressure destroys the optic nerve.
3. Permanent blindness is caused if the disease is not controlled and treated.
Eye drops, laser surgery, and microsurgery are methods for curing glaucoma.

Ocular Migraine
This temporary disease causes loss of vision in one eye and generally does not last for more than an hour. This might happen after a migraine headache.

Causes
1. Mainly caused due to health-related issues than from eye problems.
2. Also occurs from regular migraines.
3. It is related to spasms caused in the blood vessels of the retina.
This disorder can be cured by using aspirin, epilepsy drugs and blood-pressure medication known as beta blockers.

Retinal vascular occlusion
This disease affects the retina and lowers the supply of oxygen-rich blood.

Causes
1. Factors such as atherosclerosis, blood clots and blockage in arteries, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity or smoking lead to this disease.
2. The blood flow to the retina is restricted.
Medicines like blood thinners, eye injects such as vascular endothelial growth can cure this disorder.

Ophthalmoplegia
Paralysis of the eye muscles occurs. Can occur in more than one of the eye muscles.

Causes
1. Happens due to interruption of messages sent to the eye from the brain.
2. Caused from muscle disorders.
3. Also caused from migraines, thyroid problems, stroke, etc.
Special eye patches and eyewear are used for treating this disorder, for relieving double vision.
Eye diseases are very common, and a large number of eye diseases can occur from different reasons and causes.
4704 people found this helpful