When a bone breaks due to an accident, stress or trauma, it is said to be a fracture. It is very painful and requires to be attended immediately by an orthopedist. A bone fracture can result in serious complications like compartment syndrome and amputation of the broken bone. A radiographic imaging, CT or MRI can identify a fracture. Use of several non-surgical methods ( like immobilization and pain management) and surgical methods can be used for improving the condition.
HOW IS BONE FRACTURE DIAGNOSED?
A fracture can lead to serious issues like compartment syndrome.
Osteoporosis is a bone disorder where the bone density decreases, increasing the risk of a broken bone. It can affect both men and women but women are more likely to develop the condition as compared to men. Back bones, the forearm bones and the bones of the hip are the bones that mostly gets affected. You will feel severe pain and also find it difficult to walk or move. The lesser the bone mass, the greater risk of bone loss. Also chemotherapy, anti seizure medications, steroids and some other reasons increases the risk of more bone loss. There are no major symptom of bone loss, however, certain changes that takes place with bone loss are:
• Back pain
• Height loss
• Stooped posture
• Bone fracture
Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to renew the lost bone mass and the risk increases with age. There are few other factors which increases the risk of having osteoporosis such as:
1. Age, race, family history and body frame size
2. Too much or too little levels of certain hormones
3. Lack of calcium, unhealthy eating habits and gastrointestinal surgery
5. Other medications
6. Lifestyle habits
Treatment depends upon the condition of the bone loss. Doctors usually prescribe bisphosphonates to all the people suffering from osteoporosis. However there exist certain side effects such as nausea, heartburn and abdominal pain which can be avoided if the medicines are taken as directed.
Osteoporosis generally results from weak and brittle bones. So a slight fall or injury at the affected area can result in a broken bone or a fracture. Following are the types of fracture:
1. Leg fracture- a crack or breakage in any of the three leg bones can result in a leg fracture. Usually caused by an injury, medicine, physical therapies, ultrasound therapy and surgery proves effective in treatment.
2. Greenstick fractures- a greenstick fracture occurs when your bone cracks and bends but does not shatter completely. It is most common in children caused by a fall or an injury. Treatment depends on the severity of the fracture. Certain pain medications and sedatives are also prescribed by the doctor.
3. Clavicle fracture- a broken collarbone also known as a clavicle fracture, which can occur at any age. An injury in the collarbone is the most probable cause of clavicle fracture. Sagging shoulder, inability to lift with hands, bruising and swelling are some of the symptoms of clavicle fracture.
4. Hand fracture- a crack in one of the bones of the hand can result in a hand fracture. Medications, surgery and adequate rest can help in improving the condition.
5. Humerus fracture- any injury to the bone in the upper arm can cause a humerus fracture. This type of fracture generally do not require any surgery, but medicines are prescribed to reduce the pain
6. Patella fracture- a fracture of the kneecap is patella fracture. Any injury to the knee cap can cause patella fracture. Surgical and non-surgical treatments are recommended by the doctor depending on the severity of the condition.
Adequate exercise, healthy diet, maintain proper body weight, calcium and vitamin d intake and healthy lifestyle can help you get rid of osteoporosis.
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