Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by very high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Symptoms that may occur include:
• Fatty skin deposits called xanthomas over parts of the hands, elbows, knees, ankles and around the cornea of the eye
• Cholesterol deposits in the eyelids (xanthelasmas)
• Chest pain (angina) or other signs of coronary artery disease, may be present at a young age
• Cramping of one or both calves when walking
• Sores on the toes that do not heal
• Sudden stroke-like symptoms such as trouble speaking, drooping on one side of the face, weakness of an arm or leg, and loss of balance
HOW IS HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the Hypercholesterolemia would be done by a general physician who run a series of tests to check your cholesterol levels, especially blood tests. Alongside hormonal tests are also done.
HOW IS HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA TREATED?
Medications like statins are given for controlling the levels of cholesterol but the focus is on long term management. Hence an active lifestyle is suggested along with doing exercises, eating healthy and moving away from junk food and processed food forms.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hypercholesterolemia can be inherited and is known as familial hypercholesterolemia which is caused by mutations in the LDLR gene.