Joint pain is defined as the pain that starts off in the joint areas, including your wrists, knees, elbows, etc. This pain could be an early sign of rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gout, strains, sprains, and other similar diseases. The pain experienced here is usually when you try to move your joints, sitting down, or could be caused because of an injury. Along with pain, swelling and inflammation may happen too.
HOW IS JOINT PAIN DIAGNOSED?
The general physician will conduct a thorough physical examination to identify the source of pain. X-rays and imaging tests such as MRI may be performed to further investigate the pain and suggest a proper course of treatment.
HOW IS JOINT PAIN TREATED?
Treatment of joint pain depends on the severity of pain and underlying cause. For pain due to a minor injury, over the counter medication and home treatments may be enough. For any damage to the joints surgical intervention is required. In severe cases a joint replacement surgery may be performed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Joint pain can be caused by:
• bursitis, or inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints
• certain infectious diseases, such as mumps, influenza, and hepatitis
• chondromalacia of the patella, or a breakdown of the cartilage in the kneecap
• an injury
• tendinitis, or inflammation of the tendon
• an infection of the bone
• overuse of a joint
Joint pain or arthritis is a condition of the inflammation of the joints which affects men more than women. Though there are many types of arthritis, osteoarthritis and psoriatic arthritis are the most common. Joint pain is the main symptom of arthritis, however the other signs and symptoms of arthritis are as follows:
Reduction in the amount of the protective tissue, cartilage is the main cause of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis- mostly affecting the hands, hips, knees and spine, osteoarthritis can damage any joint in your body. The symptoms cannot be completely cured but it can be decreased and temporary relief is possible. Maintaining healthy weight, exercising regularly and some other treatments can be helpful in treating osteoarthritis. Extreme pain, lack of flexibility, stiffness, tenderness and a grating sensation are some of the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Age, extra body weight, any kind of joint injury, repetitive stress on joints and genetics play a role in increasing the risk of developing osteoarthritis. A replacement surgery is recommended if the pain becomes unbearable. Imaging tests and laboratory tests can help detect if you are suffering from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis treatment includes the following:
Certain medications can help to reduce the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis. They include:
• Acetaminophen- this medicine can be recommended if you are suffering from mild to severe pain. However taking in more than the prescribed dosage can cause serious liver damage.
• Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs- over the counter NSAIDs help in relieving osteoarthritis symptoms.
• Duloxetine- an antidepressant, duloxetine can be prescribed to people suffering from extreme pain
Therapies can also prove to be useful such as:
• Physical therapy- this strengthens the muscle around the joints, increase motion and reduce pain.
• Occupational therapy- this helps to reduce pressure on affected areas by providing an effective solution
• Tai chi and yoga- these are movement therapies which includes gentle stretches and exercises with deep breathing. This therapy is also used to reduce stress.
Surgical and other procedures:
• Cortisone injections can help in relieving the joint pain
• Lubrication injections like hyaluronic acid injections helps to give relief by providing cushioning to the knees
• Realigning bones- osteotomy is helpful if only one side of your knee is affected
• Joint replacement- in joint replacement surgery, the surgeon removes the damaged joint portion and replaces them with metal and plastic parts
Psoriatic arthritis affects people having psoriasis. Stiffness, swelling and joint pains are some of the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. This type of arthritis can affect any part of your body, including the fingertips and can be mild or severe. Physical trauma and certain environmental factors trigger psoriatic arthritis.
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