Tuberculosis can be caused by _________________________?
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Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common diseases caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These bacteria spread via air from person to person through tiny water droplets while sneezing or coughing.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a pathogenic bacteria that belong to the Mycobacteriaceae family. It acts as a causative agent for Tuberculosis. These bacteria are first discovered by Robert Koch in 1882.
TB is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs or the part of the pulmonary system. According to a report in 2015, approximately 1.8 million people died with TB and 1.04 million diagnosed with the disease.
According to the World Health Organization, over 9 million people get sick with TB every year. It is one of the top three causes for the death of women aged 15 to 44.
Are all forms of Tuberculosis contagious?
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No, all forms of Tuberculosis are not contagious. They can be communicable as Mycobacterium tuberculosis spread from one person to another via tiny droplets of coughing and sneezing. However, all of them are not contagious; latent TB is one of them that is non-contagious.
How to prevent the spreading of active TB?
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There are certain measures that can be taken to prevent or avoid the spread of TB. Out of which wearing a mask and TB vaccination is very effective and important.
TB can spread when a person sneezed or coughed, it is important for you to wear a mask to avoid the contact of tiny droplets contaminated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Covering the mouth and wearing a mask can limit the risk of spreading these bacteria.
BCG vaccination injections are given to children against Tuberculosis. This will help children to fight against the TB bacteria.
Is Tuberculosis curable?
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Yes, it is curable. Doctors use a combination of drugs depending upon the condition of the person to completely treat the disease. However, it is always advisable to consult a doctor as soon as a person experiences or notices any symptoms.