DNB Cardiology, MD, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
You correctly answered out of 5 questions
What is bad cholesterol?
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Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol is more commonly known as bad cholesterol as it is known to have links to building up of plaque in the arteries leading to a severe condition of arterial blockages when present in our body more than the permissible limit. This, in turn, can result in heart diseases and stroke. Hence, it is crucial that one maintains LDL cholesterol at recommended levels. Do a regular blood test to keep track of your cholesterol level, if it is found to be high take measures to lower it.
What is the best way to manage cholesterol?
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The best way to fight cholesterol is by staying as much physically active as possible. Exercises are the best option, and you can add to walking and brisk jogging. Running can also prove to be beneficial if your body permits it, as any kind of physical activity varies among every individual. These activities help burn the excess fat or cholesterol to release energy thereby maintaining your health. Make your physical activities a regular commitment.
All fats increases your cholesterol level.
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There are healthier fats, and there are Trans fats. Like all other nutrients, fat is also essential for our body. But you will have to choose which fats to eat and which to eliminate. Saturated fats found in red meats and dairy products are bad for your health as they increase your low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, which is the bad cholesterol. Similarly, avoid Trans fats as they also work up to increase the bad cholesterol in your body. For healthier options try monounsaturated fats like the ones present in olive oil, oats, semolina and white meats like chicken and fish. Consult with a nutritionist or a dietician to get complete food chart.
Smoking has nothing to do with cholesterol.
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Smoking is hazardous to health in general, and in particular, it might have a link to increased risk of heart ailments. There have been ongoing studies to prove that smoking decreases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level in the blood which is the good cholesterol which helps to reduce the risk of any kinds of heart disease. Quitting smoking can help you avoid a heart attack. Take help of medicines and support groups to help you quit smoking.
Obesity increases LDL cholesterol level.
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Obesity signifies the presence of excess amount of fat in your body. Excess fat gets accumulated in your blood vessels as cholesterol and would lead to complications eventually. You don t need to lose a lot of weight at once as a 4.5 weight loss can decrease your LDL level by 8%. A calorie deficit diet and exercises can help you in this regard. Try to maintain the constant loss of 2.5 to 3.5 kgs each month or in two months.