You may think that your partner has been faithful and loving to you, and will not spread the virus. But what if your partner does not know that he already has HIV. A person can be HIV-positive for years without symptoms. Besides, how sure are you about your partner's sexual history? Also, HIV can be transmitted through non-sexual activities, such as blood transfusion and the sharing of injection needles regardless of whether he or she has remained faithful. To be safe, use a condom during sex and get your partner and yourself tested for HIV
HIV/AIDS cannot be transmitted during oral sex
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Transmission of HIV occurs when there is an exchange of body fluids (such as semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk, blood or pre-ejaculatory fluids) and is also possible during oral sex. It can also transmit in case of open wounds, such as cuts, sores and abrasions in the mouth or gums, infection in the throat or mouth, which is inflamed. There may also be abrasions or sores on the penis or vagina. It is best to avoid oral sex if you have any cuts, sores or abrasions, or if you have a sexually transmitted infection. Otherwise, it is advisable to use condoms when engaging in oral sex.
HIV infected person shouldn't start drug therapy until he or she gets very sick
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Even when you're feeling great, HIV is making copies of itself and is attacking your body. When you finally start feeling sick, HIV has already made a hole in your immune system. At that point, nothing can bring it fully back to normal. To protect your immune system, most experts think you should start HIV medicines before you become very ill. Because these drugs reduce your 'viral load' or the amount of virus present in your blood, they also reduce your chances of passing HIV to others.
However, taking HIV treatment does not guarantee that you will not infect others. Regular check-up will help you and all developed countries and WHO's guideline 2015 says that all HIV infected should start Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) immediately irrespective of clinical symptoms present or not and irrespective of CD4 count.
HIV infected person can not have a HIV free baby
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A woman who knows about her HIV infection early in pregnancy and is treated has about a 2 percent chance of having a baby with HIV. Without treatment, this risk is about 30 to 40 percent. All pregnant women should be tested for HIV. A woman with HIV should not breastfeed her baby because that is another way to pass the virus. There are other ways like Medicine to prevent HIV in your kids.
Getting HIV/AIDS is like a death sentence
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Although HIV/AIDS has no cure, it can be treated. There has been tremendous progress in treatment for HIV over the years. A person living with HIV/AIDS can now continue to live a strong and productive life for many years. Life expectancy and quality of life can be as good as non HIV infected individual.