Chronic constipation can be painful and cause stress to the intestines. Chronic constipation can be treated naturally and medically. It is important to adopt a good diet and lifestyle in order to have smooth bowel movements. Doctors initially suggest a proper diet and intake of sufficient water to treat constipation. The most common diet suggestion given by doctors is to increase fibre intake. Increasing fibre can increase the weight of the stool and it can pass through the intestine easily. Eating whole grain breads, cereals, fruits and vegetables can improve the passing of stools. However, excessive intake of fibre can cause bloating and gas. It is important to have at least 14 grams of fibre to relieve constipation. It is also important to exercise and increase physical activity in order to improve bowel movement. The treatment of constipation includes prescription laxatives that can help make bowel movement regular. Some fibre supplements add bulk to stool. Stimulants like Dulcolax can contract the intestines and is prescribed by doctors as laxative. Osmotic laxatives help fluids move through the colon, like magnesium hydroxide, popularly known as milk of magnesia. Lubricants, stool softeners and enemas are other methods of medication prescribed by doctors. If over the counter medication do not help doctor prescribe one of the above medications depending on the severity of the problem. If medication has not provided a solution doctors opt for surgery as a last resort. If constipation is being caused due to blockage, rectocele or anal fissure, surgery may be suggested.
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