Interventional Neuroradiology involves both diagnosis and treatment of many neurovascular and spine conditions which include embolization of intracranial and aneurysms of head and neck, embolization of tumors, intracranial and extracranial angioplasty stroke and its syndromes, intra-arterial chemotherapy for treating tumors and other vascular anomalies like arterial dolichoectasia, sinus pericranial, etc. Interventional neuroradiology procedures are also helpful in diagnosing and treatment of spine interventions like spine biopsy, radiofrequency tumor ablation, vertebroplasty, cyst treatment.
Neurointerventional radiology therapies involve microcatheters which are inserted into the groin area with the help of X-ray guidance followed through the blood vessels leading to the brain. Present interventional neurologists are using invasive radiology procedures accomplishing a wide range of treatments. Neurointerventional radiology techniques are also used for diagnosis and treatment purposes of vascular diseases, which is termed as vascular intervention or vascular radiology.
These minimally invasive techniques are used for treating different conditions like brain aneurysm which is treated inserting metallic coils into the aneurysm to prevent from rupturing, moyamoya disease, carotid artery stenosis which is treated by opening the arteries and inserting the stents, strokes which treated through clot-busting medications in which the arteries or veins are opened for busting strokes, compression of spine fractures in which cement is injected to fractured vertebrae.
Neurologists can perform almost all interventional neuroradiology techniques for children and adults. There are some neurology procedures which are performed to prepare for radiation therapy and sometimes also for stopping the blood supply to tumor before surgery.
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