Cleft lip or cleft palate is facial and oral malformations that occur very early in pregnancy. Cleft lip is a physical split or separation of the two sides of the upper lip and appears as a narrow opening or a gap in the skin of the upper lip. A child with left cleft or palate might require several assessments or treatments. A multi disciplinary specialist usually treats a cleft with surgery. You can approach a cosmetologist for the treatment. Since the cleft can also affect the nose and throat, an otolaryngologist will evaluate the patient and give proper advice accordingly. Then the plastic surgeon or cosmetologist will perform the operation to correct it. Usually a multi specialty team treats a cleft. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will then make an incision on either side of the cleft from the mouth to the nostrils. He will then turn the outer portion of the cleft down and pull the muscle and the skin together to close the separation. Muscle functions, normal Cupid's bow, nostril deformities are some of the aspects, which need to be taken care of. Repair of palate is done to ensure normal speech, restore Eustachian tube function, attain closure of oronasal fistulas and minimize alteration in maxillary growth. This surgery will significantly improve the child's appearance, quality of life and the ability to eat, breathe and talk. This surgery is best performed at an early stage in the child's life.
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