Bruxism is referred to the unconscious act of grinding the teeth which usually occurs at night while sleeping. Can be seen in people of all ages and acts as a contributory factor for temperomandibular joint disorders. Stress and sleep disorders are thought to be the commonest causes for bruxism. In children this can be due to irritants in the mouth like misaligned teeth and various allergies. This disorder can ultimately result in wearing off teeth, tension and spasms in lingering muscles, unusual stress on temperomandibular joint and jaw muscles over time.
HOW IS BRUXISM DIAGNOSED?
A dentist usually makes the diagnosis of bruxism clinically.It is based on the person's history and presence of signs and symptoms.
HOW IS BRUXISM TREATED?
Most kids outgrow bruxism; hence, require no treatment. For severe bruxism, dentists may suggest use of splints and mouth guards and dental corrections. Therapies to relieve bruxism are stress management, biofeedback and behaviour therapy. Use of muscle relaxants may be used for short durations.
DID YOU KNOW?
Botox injections help cure people with severe bruxism.