TMJ disorders is a type of temporomandibular disorder which can cause pain in jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.Signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders may include:
• Pain or tenderness of your jaw
• Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints
• Aching pain in and around your ear
• Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
• Aching facial pain
• Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth
HOW IS TMJ DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Pain is the most common reason for people with TMD to seek medical advice. Joint noises may require auscultation with a stethoscope to detect. Clicks of the joint may also be palpated, over the joint itself in the preauricular region, or via a finger inserted in the external acoustic meatus, which lies directly behind the TMJ. The differential diagnosis is with degenerative joint disease (e.g. osteoarthritis), rheumatoid arthritis, temporal arteritis, otitis media, parotitis, mandibular osteomyelitis, Eagle syndrome, trigeminal neuralgia, oromandibular dystonia,[medical citation needed] deafferentation pains, and psychogenic pain
HOW IS TMJ DISORDERS TREATED?
The various treatments may include the following:
• Dental splint (occlusal splint or stabilization splint or bite guard), which is a dental appliance placed in the mouth that keeps the teeth in alignment and prevents tooth grinding.
• Botox may be used to relax the muscles of the jaw.
• Physical therapy with jaw exercises can strengthen muscles, improve flexibility, and range of motion.
• Biobehavioral management (biofeedback, cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT]) may help diminish pain intensity.
• Trigger point acupuncture can sometimes be helpful.
• In severe cases, surgery on the jaw or dental surgery may be necessary.
DID YOU KNOW?
Physical therapy including ultrasound, moist heat and ice coupled with exercises to stretch and strengthen jaw muscles has proved to be beneficial for person suffering from TMJ disorder