Temporomandibular joint is a hinge that connects your jaw to the temporal bones of your skull that lie in front of your ears. The bone allows you to move your jaw up and down or side to side. This helps you to talk, chew or yawn. Any problem with this joint can be collectively referred to as temporomandibular joint disorders. There is no specific cause for TMD but the symptoms are believed to rise from arise from problems with the muscles of your jaw or with the parts of the joint itself. Pain in your face and around your joints is a clear indication. There can also be swelling, difficulty in speaking or chewing.
HOW IS TMD DIAGNOSED?
A dentistry expert will conduct a thorough physical examination and look for pain or tenderness in the temporomandibular joint. Your dentist may take full face X-rays along with other tests, like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT).
HOW IS TMD TREATED?
Generally, non-surgical treatments such as lifestyle changes are prescribed to treat Tmd. In certain cases, mouth guards, medication and steroids injections are helpful in treating Tmd.
DID YOU KNOW?
TMD affects the 'chewing' muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull.