TMJ is a type of temporomandibular disorder which causes pain in jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.Signs and symptoms of TMJ include:
• Pain or tenderness of your jaw
• Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints
• Aching pain in and around your ear
• Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
• Aching facial pain
• Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth
HOW IS TMJ DIAGNOSED?
During the physical exam, the doctor or dentist will probably listen to and feel the jaw when you open and close your mouth, observe the range of motion in the jaw and press on areas around the jaw to identify sites of pain or discomfort. The doctor may need dental X-rays. A CT scan can provide detailed images of the bones involved in the joint, and MRIs can reveal problems with the joint's disk. TMJ arthroscopy is sometimes used in the diagnosis of a TMJ disorder.
HOW IS TMJ TREATED?
The following treatments may be advised:
• exercises to strengthen the jaw muscles
• medications prescribed by the dentist, for example, muscle relaxants, analgesics, anti-anxiety drugs or anti-inflammatory medications
• a night guard or bite plate to decrease clenching or grinding of teeth.
• In some cases, the dentist may recommend fixing an uneven bite by adjusting or reshaping some teeth. Orthodontic treatment may also be recommended. The dentist can suggest the most appropriate therapy based on the suspected cause.
DID YOU KNOW?
Physical therapy including ultrasound, moist heat and ice coupled with exercises to stretch and strengthen jaw muscles has proved to be beneficial for person suffering from TMJ disorder