In a few instances, an urge to urinate can be so severe that the leakage can happen before a person goes to a restroom. If such cases are frequent, then it can be due to an existing bladder problem that is causing the condition. Called in medical terms as urinary incontinence or bladder incontinence, this is one of the conditions which most people face in their old age. The severity can be extreme in some cases where even a general cough or sneeze can dislodge urine and in some cases the discharge occurs even before the person gets to the toilet. Urinary incontinence is not exactly a disease but an underlying symptom. A urologist has to be consulted if the condition prevails as this could be due to some other medical condition that the person is not aware of. Types of urinary incontinence include Stress Incontinence, Urge Incontinence, Overflow Incontinence, Functional incontinence, and mixed incontinence. Incontinence causes can be due to a temporary reason like drinking high concentrated foods like Alcohol, Caffeine, Carbonated drinks, artificial sweeteners and foods that are high in spice and sugar. A more severe incontinence could be due to an underlying medical factor like pregnancy, childbirth, age, menopause, cancer and neurological disorders. A simple Urinalysis can determine the root-cause, and the nature of symptoms can lead to the treatment. Incontinence Treatment is mostly through lifestyle changes and eating habits and avoidance of certain foods. Pelvic floor muscle exercises are also imparted in some cases to soothe the bladder muscles and sometimes incontinence medication are also prescribed that can arrest the flow to an extent. In aged people, adult diaper pads are also suggested where the drugs might not work to the fullest extent.
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