Tartar is the white sticky deposit on the surface of teeth caused by bacterial decomposition of food particles that remain in the mouth, even after regular brushing and flossing. Regular deposits of tartar on the teeth can damage the enamel and can also lead to cavities and tooth decay. Good oral hygiene can prevent the buildup of plaque on the tooth surface.
Dentists recommend regular brushing and flossing to remove the daily deposits of tartar. This can prevent accumulation of plaque along the gum lines and the surface of teeth. An electronic toothbrush can clean the teeth more effectively in comparison to conventional manual alternatives. Fluoride based toothpastes which fight bacteria can repair enamel damage and prevent the growth of bacteria. Dentists stress on rinsing the mouth with antiseptic mouthwash after each meal to keep the bacteria at bay.
Regular visits to the dentist for cleaning and removal of plaque are essential to maintaining good oral hygiene. The dentist may perform a manual cleaning with specialized instruments especially for individuals with minimal deposits and satisfactory oral health.
An ultrasonic cleaning is advised for patients with substantial buildup of plaque and tartar. The procedure is performed with a special instrument that vibrates at a very high frequency. The instrument scrubs the surface of the teeth thoroughly and can reach small angular areas of the mouth with ease. A jet of water is sprayed from time to time to aid the cleaning process. After the cleaning, the dentist will polish the teeth with rotating rubber cup. The ultrasonic procedure is preferred over the manual cleaning as it causes minimal damage to the tooth enamel.
The procedure can take 30 minutes to an hour depending on the extent of plaque deposits.
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