This medication is an oral medication for diabetes which helps to keep your blood sugar level in check by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin. This medication is used along with exercise and diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Before you start a course of this medication, inform your doctor if you – have liver or kidney problems; diarrhea or intestinal blockage; disorders in the adrenal or pituitary glands; are malnourished; have a history of heart problems. This medication is prescribed along with a healthy diet pattern and an exercise regimen. It is strictly recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle to prevent any unwanted spikes in blood sugar.
Do not change the dosage of this medication without consulting the doctor. It is generally taken 30 minutes before a meal. You have to swallow the tablet whole without chewing or crushing it. Taking this medication can result in low blood sugar whose symptoms are irritability, sweating, dizziness and confusion. Consult a doctor if you experience any of its side effects.
In case you miss a dose, do not compensate by doubling up on your next dose. It is recommended to consume this medication on a regular basis to keep your blood sugar level in check. Overdoing on this medication can lead to a life-threatening condition called hypoglycemia. The symptoms ate stomach pain, confusion, seizure and tremors.
During the course of this medication, it is advisable to avoid alcohol. Alcohol tends to cause interference with diabetes treatment.type diabetes
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Diabetologist before using this medicine.
The medication can treat the below provided problems:
Type 2 Diabetes MellitusThis medication is used individually or in combination with other medications to lower blood glucose levels in patients with type II diabetes mellitus.
Type I Diabetes MellitusThis medicine is not recommended for use if you have type I or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Diabetic KetoacidosisThis medicine is not recommended for use in a patient having high levels of acid content in the blood.
How long is the duration of effect?The effect of this medicine lasts for 12-24 hours.
What is the onset of action?The effect of this medicine can be observed within 30 minutes of oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?The use of this medicine in pregnant women is not recommended unless absolutely necessary.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?The use of this medicine is not recommended while breastfeeding.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Glucotrol Mf 5 Mg/500 Mg Tablet , and hence can be used as its substitute.
Missed Dose instructionsTake the missed dose 30 minutes before the next meal. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose then the missed dose should be skipped to prevent overdosing.
Overdose instructionsContact your doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include weakness, shaking of the body, blurred vision, excessive sweating, stomach pain, and seizures. Sometimes, an overdose of Glipizide may cause a rapid fall in blood sugar levels that could be life threatening.
This medication lowers blood sugar levels by stimulating the production of insulin from the pancreatic beta cells. It also regulates the amount of glucose released into the bloodstream
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Heart DiseasesThis medicine should be administered with extreme caution if you suffer from a disease of heart or blood vessels. Risk of severe to fatal adverse effects is very high in such patients. Both the clinicians and patients should be aware of the risks before deciding the appropriate therapy.
Diabetic KetoacidosisThis medicine should not be used in patients having high acid content in blood as the risk of adverse effects is very high. It applies to both comatose and normal patient with ketoacidosis.
Kidney DiseaseThis medicine should be administered with extreme caution if you suffer from any disease of the kidneys. You should consult your doctor to make a suitable adjustment in dosage quantity and/or time-interval between two dosages.
HypoglycemiaThis medicine should be administered with caution if you are prone to having episodes of low blood sugar. This population includes diabetics who are also malnourished or those receiving Beta-blocker drugs such as Metoprolol and Propranolol.
Hemolytic Anemia/G6Pd DeficiencyThis medicine is not recommended for use in people suffering from Hemolytic Anemia. Reporting this condition to the doctor is a must. In such cases, alternate medication not belonging to Sulfonylureas should be considered.
Interaction with Alcohol
EthanolConsumption of alcohol in large quantities is not recommended when you are taking this medicine for controlling blood sugar levels. It is recommended to reduce the alcohol intake so that the adverse effects can be avoided. Symptoms of both reduced or elevated blood sugar levels should be reported to the doctor immediately.
Interaction with Medicine
AtenololReport the use of any blood pressure medication to the doctor before receiving Glipizide. You may need a more frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels while taking these medicines together.
GatifloxacinReport the use of either of the medication to the doctor. These medicines should not be used together. Moderate to severe levels of fall in blood sugar have been frequently reported. Sometimes it may also cause an increase in blood sugar levels. Your doctor may prescribe alternatives that do not interact with each other.
MiconazoleReport the use of Miconazole or any other antifungal medicine to the doctor. The risks of adverse effects are high when taken together. Your doctor may prescribe an alternate medication that does not interact with Glipizide.
Ethinyl EstradiolReport the use of any hormonal contraceptive to the doctor before receiving this medication. You may need suitable dose adjustments and more frequent monitoring of blood sugar levels while taking these medicines together.
SelegilineReport the use of Selegiline to the doctor before receiving this medication. You may need a dose adjustment and more frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels while taking these medicines together.
IbuprofenReport the use of Ibuprofen or any other pain medication to the doctor. These medications can cause a fall in blood sugar levels. You may need a dose adjustment and more frequent monitoring of blood sugar levels while taking them together.
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