Menopause is the stage in a woman's life after which she does not get her menstrual period. This stage usually commences between the ages of 40 to 50 years and one year after the last menstrual period. Signs and symptoms that appear before menopause are irregular periods, hot flashes, night sweats, mood changes, sleep problems and weight gain.
HOW IS MENOPAUSE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is not needed as the condition can be self-evaluated. However, if the symptoms are too prominent, your gynaecology specialist may recommend blood tests to check the Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen (estradiol), because your FSH levels increase and estradiol levels decrease as menopause occurs as well as to check Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), because an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can cause symptoms similar to those of menopause
HOW IS MENOPAUSE TREATED?
Menopause requires no medical treatment. Medications may be given for a temporary period to relieve the symptoms. These include hormone therapy, vaginal oestrogen or anti-depressants.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some cases, symptoms of PCOS or uterine cancer are confused with that of menopause and hence consulting a doctor is essential to avoid the risk.