Geriatric treatment focuses on the health care of the elderly. It prevents and treats diseases and disabilities and promotes good health. One of the challenges older adults face is physical and mental illness concerning visual and verbal memory, hearing and vision, memory loss, body strength, appetite and energy level. A health care professional or geriatric physician helps the older adults to adapt to these changes. They also help distinguish them from serious health conditions. Geriatrics distinguishes between diseases and the effect of normal ageing. Elderly people require specific attention to medication. The goal of treatment should be remission of symptoms. Insomnia is usually a symptom of depression. Physical conditions like stroke, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, diabetes, cancer, dementia and chronic pain further increase the risk of depression. Other factors of depression could be family history of depression, fear of death, living alone or social isolation, suicide attempt, chronic or severe pain, recent loss of a loved one, substance abuse etc. Results have shown that if the brain does not receive adequate blood supply, chemical changes may occur in the brain cells, which may lead to depression. In order to treat depression, medicine, psychotherapy, counseling, electro conclusive therapy can be done. A newer form of brain stimulation such as repetitive trance cranial magnetic stimulation (RTMS) is done. Sometimes a combination of these treatments should be used. Anti depressants are equally effective for elderly adults. Self-help groups, physiotherapy, and support of family also help combat depression.
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