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Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - What Are The Risk Factors Of It?

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - What Are The Risk Factors Of It?
Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is when the cells in your lymphatic system become cancerous. The lymphatic system is responsible for fighting off diseases which may attack your body. Initially, tumors develop from the lymphocytes in your body. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is much more common than the other type of lymphoma which is Hodgkin lymphoma. There are various types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; the most common of which are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Here is everything you need to know about Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Symptoms

1. Swollen lymph nodes
A swollen lymph node in the neck, underarm and armpit which comes about without any pain is a very common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

2. Fever
When you have a sudden unexplained fever, it may be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

3. Night sweats
Night sweats are simply when you sweat excessively in the night.

4. Fatigue
Feeling extremely tired can be due to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

5. Weight loss
A sudden unexplained loss of weight is a very common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

6. Itchiness
An itchy skin is a rather serious indicator of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Causes

Just like other forms of cancer, it is not known what causes Non-Hodgkin lymphoma but there are factors which put you more at risk compared to others.

Risk factors

1. Immunosuppressive drugs
You are more likely to develop Non-Hodgkin lymphoma especially after taking immunosuppressive drugs after a major organ transplant.

2. Bacteria and viruses
Certain bacterial and viral infections cause Non-Hodgkin lymphoma including the HIV and Epstein-Barr virus as well as the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.

3. Pesticides
Research suggests that overexposure to the pesticides which kill weeds increases your likelihood of developing Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

4. Age
Elder people are also more likely to suffer from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Treatment

1. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy comprises of administering drugs to kill the cancerous cells, either through injection or orally which kill cancer.

2. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy deals with radiation which is directed at the parts of your body affected by cancer.

3. Medications to enhance the immune system
There are many medications which fight off cancer by boosting the immune system.
3331 people found this helpful

Multiple Myeloma - Everything About It!

Multiple Myeloma - Everything About It!
Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer similar to lymphoma and leukemia. Normally, plasma cells make antibodies which are responsible for fighting off infectious diseases. With multiple myeloma, however, they release too much of a protein known as immunoglobulin. Due to the excess buildup of protein in the body, organ damage occurs. Multiple myeloma cannot be cured, it can only have its progression slowed down. Here is everything you need to know about multiple myeloma:

Causes:
Just like with other forms of cancer, the exact cause of multiple myeloma is not known. However, there are several risk factors which are responsible for increasing your chances of suffering from multiple myeloma.

Risk Factors:

Age: Age poses as one of the most important risk factors. Being over 65 increases your chances of getting multiple myeloma, according to studies.
Race: African-Americans are more likely to get multiple myeloma compared to other races.
Genetics: Multiple myeloma is more likely to happen if a family member has it as well.
Other Diseases: Solitary plasmacytoma, MGUS and other plasma related diseases make you more likely to develop multiple myeloma.
Symptoms:

Bone pain or bone fractures
Fatigue
Increased vulnerability to infections
Increased or decreased urination
Restlessness eventually followed by extreme weakness and fatigue
Confusion
Increased thirst
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of appetite and weight loss
Impaired kidney function
Diagnosis:

Your doctor may test you for multiple myeloma if a blood test reveals:

Too much calcium in your blood (hypercalcemia)
Anemia
Kidney problems
High protein levels in your blood combined with a low albumin level (globulin gap)
Treatment:

There is no cure for multiple myeloma; however with good treatment you can resume normal activities. Here are the treatment options-

Biological therapy: These are medications given in pill form which enhance the body's immune system; so that it can fight off myeloma cells.
Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is when cancerous cells are killed by targeting the abnormalities within them. These are given through a vein in your arm.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy kills all the cells which are growing at a rapid rate. These drugs can be given through injection or orally.
Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are medicines which regulate the immune system by controlling the inflammation in the body. Corticosteroids can be taken in pill form or even through injections.
Stem Cells Transplant: An autologous stem cell transplant is recommended for all eligible and suitable patients of multiple myeloma under 65 yrs of age, who show a good response to initial therapy, as it has been proven to improve survival.
2773 people found this helpful

Lymphoma - How To Handle It ?

Lymphoma - How To Handle It ?
Suffering from any degenerative or terminal disease like lymphoma can be really tough. It takes a huge toll on your mental health. Whether you are suffering from it or someone close to you, the impact is extremely painful and going through each day is a fight in itself. But, you must struggle. Just to minimize your anguish a little bit more, here are some ways to cope with the lymphoma:

Be open about your disease: Try to talk about your disease with other people as much as possible. Talk about what you are going through. How it is making you feel, how painful it is. Share all of your feelings. Don t be ashamed or feel bad about your disease.
Deal with fear and scare: There is no point in minimizing the fact that you will be afraid and scared. But try to calm yourself down. Think about your options for treatment and consult your doctor about them. Learning about possible treatments will make you feel safe.
Try to engage in physical activities: As much as your body permits try to engage yourself in physical activities like walking, simple exercises, yoga, and other physical activities. It will help to keep your stress level in check.
Get out: Don t confine yourself to your home as it may lead to depression. Engage in daily activities like going to a grocery store, a shopping mall, a club or just for a stroll in the park. Calling your friends or your family and going out for a coffee can help a great deal.
Think about financial matters: Dealing with a long-term disease can be really stressful not only emotionally but also financially. This makes it extremely important to plan your finances well. If you have health care insurance, try to go over with your agent on how much you will be covered and save money accordingly.
Handle your work life: About work, talk with HRD at your office and tell him/her about your medical condition and how well you are prepared to deal with the work designated for you.
Don t push people away: In most cases, due to prolonged illness, the patients become hopeless and tries to push people close to them away. They find it extremely difficult to cope with the disease, so try to keep your loved ones as close to you as possible. If someone comes forward with a helping hand, accept it.
Managing side effects: The side effects of the treatment can affect you as well. Try to go over them with your doctor before starting your treatment.
Facing infertility: Conceiving children can be a problem during this period. If you are planning to have children, consult a fertility doctor and check your options.
Deal with relapse: If you have cancerous cells, you must be prepared for relapse. However, it will be easier to deal with relapse as you know what to expect and which way to go.
2604 people found this helpful

Myelopathy - Types, Causes And Symptoms

Myelopathy - Types, Causes And Symptoms
Myelopathy refers to any neurological deficit in the spinal cord. The three most common types of myelopathy are cervical myelopathy, lumbar myelopathy and thoracic myelopathy. Here are the causes and symptoms of myelopathy.
Causes
1. Injury
This is a very common cause of myelopathy. Any type of accident or even a traumatic event can cause myelopathy and perhaps even paralysis.
2. Spinal stenosis
This is a condition in which the spinal cord narrows. It is one of the leading causes of myelopathy.
3. Degenerative disc disorders
As you get older, these get more likely as well as other conditions which affect the spinal column such as osteoporosis.
4. Tumor
It is a little known fact that tumors very often do cause myelopathy.
5. Multiple sclerosis
There are many other diseases which may cause myelopathy and multiple sclerosis is one of them.
Symptoms
There are many indications that you are having a form of myelopathy and should consult a medical expert. Here are some of them.
1. Changes in coordination
What this means is that all of a sudden you may find it harder to move certain limbs the way you want to. Sometimes, this can affect the whole body.
2. Sudden muscle weakness
It is highly likely that if you have myelopathy then you will have sudden weakness in your muscles.
3. Decreased hand-eye coordination
This is perhaps the biggest indicator of myelopathy since hand eye coordination is directly linked to your spinal cord and brain and if they are not functioning properly then hand-eye coordination will be worse.
These are just some of the symptoms of myelopathy, however the doctor cannot diagnose myelopathy until he does certain tests. These tests include MRI scans and other tests as well as a regular physical check-up in addition to a look at your medical history.
4737 people found this helpful

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia - Why Does It Happen?

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia - Why Does It Happen?
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a cancer of the white blood cells. It is characterized by an increased and unregulated growth of myeloid cells in the bone marrow and the accumulation of these cells in the blood.

Epidemiology, Incidence, Prevalence
In Western countries, CML accounts for 15 25% of all adult leukemias and 14% of leukemias overall (including the pediatric population, where CML is less common).

Why Does It Happen?
Neither you get it from your parents or infections, nor your smoking habits and diet seem to raise any chance of getting it. The only risk is if you've been in contact with high levels of radiation. Higher incidence of CML was seen in Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear bombing survivors. The rate of CML in these individuals seems to peak about 10 years after the exposure.

How would you know about it?

CML has three phases: Chronic, Accelerated, and Blastic
Chronic- It is the earliest stage. You might not even have symptoms.
Accelerated- The number of blood cells that don't work right increases Symptoms are as follows
Night sweats due to hypermetabolism
Dyspnea
Decreased appetite
Left upper quadrant abdominal pain from spleen infarction
Pain in your bones
Stroke
Changes in your vision
Ringing in your ear
Fatigue, weight loss
Loss of energy
Decreased exercise tolerance
Bruise
Blastic- The cells multiply and take over the healthy blood cells and platelets.

Symptoms-

Thrombocytopenia
Basophilia
Anemia
Rapidly enlarging spleen in blast crisis
Skin changes including bumps, tumors
Swollen gland
Infections
Bleeding, petechiae, and ecchymosis
Bone pain
Fever
Investigations
Complete blood count- To see how many white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets you have.

FISH test (fluorescence in situ hybridization)- It is a detailed lab test of your genes to see for Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome in bone marrow cells.
Polymerase chain reaction test- It is a lab test that looks for the BCR-ABL gene, which is involved in the process that tells your body to make too many of the wrong kind of white blood cells.
Ultrasonography- to see for splenomegaly.
Bone marrow test. It helps you figure out how advanced your cancer is. The doctor uses a needle to take a sample, usually from your hip bone.

Treatment

The goal of your treatment is to destroy the leukemia blood cells in your body and restore healthy ones to a normal level. It's usually not possible to get rid of all the bad cells.
If you get treatment during the early, chronic phase of CML, it can help prevent the disease from moving to a more serious level.
Doctors usually give drugs known as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) first. They slow down the rate at which your body makes leukemia cells.
2951 people found this helpful

Lymphoma - How To Cope With It?

Lymphoma - How To Cope With It?
Suffering from any degenerative or terminal disease like lymphoma can be really tough. It takes a huge toll on your mental health. Whether you are suffering from it or someone close to you, the impact is extremely painful and going through each day is a fight in itself. But, you must struggle. Just to minimize your anguish a little bit more, here are some ways to cope with the lymphoma:

Be open about your disease: Try to talk about your disease with other people as much as possible. Talk about what you are going through. How it is making you feel, how painful it is. Share all of your feelings. Don t be ashamed or feel bad about your disease.
Deal with fear and scare: There is no point in minimizing the fact that you will be afraid and scared. But try to calm yourself down. Think about your options for treatment and consult your doctor about them. Learning about the possible treatments will make you feel safe.
Try to engage in physical activities: As much as your body permits try to engage yourself in physical activities like walking, simple exercises, yoga, and other physical activities. It will help to keep your stress level in check.
Get out: Don t confine yourself to your home as it may lead to depression. Engage in daily activities like going to a grocery store, a shopping mall, a club or just for a stroll in the park. Calling your friends or your family and going out for a coffee can help a great deal.
Think about financial matters: Dealing with a long-term disease can be really stressful not only emotionally but also financially. This makes it extremely important to plan your finances well. If you have health care insurance, try to go over with your agent on how much you will be covered and save money accordingly.
Handle your work life: About work, talk with HRD at your office and tell him/her about your medical condition and how well you are prepared to deal with the work designated for you.
Don t push people away: In most cases, due to prolonged illness, the patients become hopeless and tries to push people close to them away. They find it extremely difficult to cope with the disease, so try to keep your loved ones as close to you as possible. If someone comes forward with a helping hand, accept it.
Managing side effects: The side effects of the treatment can affect you as well. Try to go over them with your doctor before starting your treatment.
Facing infertility: Conceiving children can be a problem during this period. If you are planning to have children, consult a fertility doctor and check your options.
Deal with relapse: If you have cancerous cells, you must be prepared for a relapse. However, it will be easier to deal with a relapse as you know what to expect and which way to go.
2035 people found this helpful

Lymphoma - How To Cope It?

Lymphoma - How To Cope It?
Suffering from any degenerative or terminal disease like lymphoma can be really tough. It takes a huge toll on your mental health. Whether you are suffering from it or someone close to you, the impact is extremely painful and going through each day is a fight in itself. But, you must struggle. Just to minimize your anguish a little bit more, here are some ways to cope with the lymphoma:

Be open about your disease: Try to talk about your disease with other people as much as possible. Talk about what you are going through. How it is making you feel, how painful it is. Share all of your feelings. Don t be ashamed or feel bad about your disease.
Deal with fear and scare: There is no point in minimizing the fact that you will be afraid and scared. But try to calm yourself down. Think about your options for treatment and consult your doctor about them. Learning about the possible treatments will make you feel safe.
Try to engage in physical activities: As much as your body permits try to engage yourself in physical activities like walking, simple exercises, yoga, and other physical activities. It will help to keep your stress level in check.
Get out: Don t confine yourself to your home as it maJust to minimize your anguish a little bit more, here are some ways to cope with the lymphomay lead to depression. Engage in daily activities like going to a grocery store, a shopping mall, a club or just for a stroll in the park. Calling your friends or your family and going out for a coffee can help a great deal.
Think about financial matters: Dealing with a long-term disease can be really stressful not only emotionally but also financially. This makes it extremely important to plan your finances well. If you have health care insurance, try to go over with your agent on how much you will be covered and save money accordingly.
Handle your work life: About work, talk with HRD at your office and tell him/her about your medical condition and how well you are prepared to deal with the work designated for you.
Don t push people away: In most cases, due to prolonged illness, the patients become hopeless and tries to push people close to them away. They find it extremely difficult to cope with the disease, so try to keep your loved ones as close to you as possible. If someone comes forward with a helping hand, accept it.
Managing side effects: The side effects of the treatment can affect you as well. Try to go over them with your doctor before starting your treatment.
Facing infertility: Conceiving children can be a problem during this period. If you are planning to have children, consult a fertility doctor and check your options.
Deal with relapse: If you have cancerous cells, you must be prepared for a relapse. However, it will be easier to deal with a relapse as you know what to expect and which way to go.
2575 people found this helpful

Myelopathy - Know Signs Of It!

Myelopathy - Know Signs Of It!
Myelopathy refers to any neurological deficit in the spinal cord. The three most common types of myelopathy are cervical myelopathy, lumbar myelopathy and thoracic myelopathy.

Here are the causes and symptoms of myelopathy.

Causes

1. Injury
This is a very common cause of myelopathy. Any type of accident or even a traumatic event can cause myelopathy and perhaps even paralysis.

2. Spinal stenosis
This is a condition in which the spinal cord narrows. It is one of the leading causes of myelopathy.

3. Degenerative disc disorders
As you get older, these get more likely as well as other conditions which affect the spinal column such as osteoporosis.

4. Tumor
It is a little known fact that tumors very often do cause myelopathy.

5. Multiple sclerosis
There are many other diseases which may cause myelopathy and multiple sclerosis is one of them.

Symptoms

There are many indications that you are having a form of myelopathy and should consult a medical expert. Here are some of them.

1. Changes in coordination
What this means is that all of a sudden you may find it harder to move certain limbs the way you want to. Sometimes, this can affect the whole body.

2. Sudden muscle weakness
It is highly likely that if you have myelopathy then you will have sudden weakness in your muscles.

3. Decreased hand-eye coordination
This is perhaps the biggest indicator of myelopathy since hand eye coordination is directly linked to your spinal cord and brain and if they are not functioning properly then hand-eye coordination will be worse.

These are just some of the symptoms of myelopathy, however the doctor cannot diagnose myelopathy until he does certain tests. These tests include MRI scans and other tests as well as a regular physical check-up in addition to a look at your medical history.

4393 people found this helpful

Hodgkin s Lymphoma - Is It A Cancer?

Hodgkin s Lymphoma - Is It A Cancer?
What is Hodgkin s lymphoma?

Hodgkin s lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of your immune system. It is also known as Hodgkin s disease.

Symptoms of Hodgkin s lymphoma-

Swelling of lymph nodes in your neck, armpits or groin
Fever and chills
Night sweats
Itching
Chest pain
Breathing difficulty
Loss of appetite
Unexplained weight loss
Fatigue
Causes of Hodgkin s lymphoma-

Hodgkin s lymphoma occurs when an infection-fighting cell called a B cell develops a mutation in its DNA. But it s not clear what causes Hodgkin s lymphoma.

Risk factors of Hodgkin s lymphoma-

Between the ages of 15 and 35, as well as those older than 55
Family history of lymphoma
Being a man
Past Epstein-Barr infection
Weakened immune system
Diagnosis of Hodgkin s lymphoma-

Diagnosis of Hodgkin s lymphoma involves the following tests:

Physical exam
Blood tests
X-rays and CT scan
MRI and PET
Surgery to remove a swollen lymph node
Bone marrow biopsy
Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma

Homeopathic Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Psychotherapy Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Surgical Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Other Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma
Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma

Homeopathic Treatment of Hodgkin s Lymphoma-

Homeopathy offers support by healing affected tissue and improving overall health. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma are:

Ars
Calc Fl
Cean
Kali M
Nat M
Ferr P
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hodgkin s Lymphoma-

Acupuncture improves the physiological function of the organs and organ system.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Hodgkin s Lymphoma-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma-

Allopathic Treatment of Hodgkin s lymphoma involves the following therapies:

Chemotherapy it uses chemicals to kill lymphoma cells.
Radiation therapy it uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells.
4 people found this helpful

Lymphoma - 10 Ways You Can Deal With It Effectively!

Lymphoma - 10 Ways You Can Deal With It Effectively!
Suffering from any degenerative or terminal disease like lymphoma can be really tough. It takes a huge toll on your mental health. Whether you are suffering from it or someone close to you, the impact is extremely painful and going through each day is a fight in itself. But, you must struggle. Just to minimize your anguish a little bit more, here are some ways to cope with the lymphoma:



Be open about your disease: Try to talk about your disease with other people as much as possible. Talk about what you are going through. How it is making you feel, how painful it is. Share all of your feelings. Don t be ashamed or feel bad about your disease.
Deal with fear and scare: There is no point in minimizing the fact that you will be afraid and scared. But try to calm yourself down. Think about your options for treatment and consult your doctor about them. Learning about the possible treatments will make you feel safe.
Try to engage in physical activities: As much as your body permits try to engage yourself in physical activities like walking, simple exercises, yoga, and other physical activities. It will help to keep your stress level in check.
Get out: Don t confine yourself to your home as it may lead to depression. Engage in daily activities like going to a grocery store, a shopping mall, a club or just for a stroll in the park. Calling your friends or your family and going out for a coffee can help a great deal.
Think about financial matters: Dealing with a long-term disease can be really stressful not only emotionally but also financially. This makes it extremely important to plan your finances well. If you have health care insurance, try to go over with your agent on how much you will be covered and save money accordingly.
Handle your work life: About work, talk with HRD at your office and tell him/her about your medical condition and how well you are prepared to deal with the work designated for you.
Don t push people away: In most cases, due to prolonged illness, the patients become hopeless and tries to push people close to them away. They find it extremely difficult to cope with the disease, so try to keep your loved ones as close to you as possible. If someone comes forward with a helping hand, accept it.
Managing side effects: The side effects of the treatment can affect you as well. Try to go over them with your doctor before starting your treatment.
Facing infertility: Conceiving children can be a problem during this period. If you are planning to have children, consult a fertility doctor and check your options.
Deal with relapse: If you have cancerous cells, you must be prepared for a relapse. However, it will be easier to deal with a relapse as you know what to expect and which way to go.
2909 people found this helpful