Endometrial Cancer is a form of uterus cancer that starts of along the lines of the uterus and then gradually spreads to other areas. It is easier to detect because of uterus bleeding, excessive bleeding, weight loss, pain in the stomach and other related symptoms. Menopause, obesity and hormonal changes are the primary causes of the same.
HOW IS ENDOMETRIAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The gynecologist will examine the disease with a pelvic exam. In severe cases there may be changes in the shape, size and feel of the uterus or surrounding areas. The various tests that may be recommended are:
• Endometrial biopsy
• Dilation and curettage (D and C)
• Pap smear (may raise a suspicion for endometrial cancer, but does not diagnose it)
• If cancer is found, imaging tests may be done to see if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This is called staging.
HOW IS ENDOMETRIAL CANCER TREATED?
Treatment depends on the stage of endometrial cancer. Most common treatment method is removal of the uterus. The lymph nodes are also removed in some cases. Radiation therapy may be followed to minimize chances of recurrence after hysterectomy. For advanced stages of endometrial cancer hormone therapy may be required
DID YOU KNOW?
Complications may include any of the following:
• Anemia due to blood loss (before diagnosis)
• Perforation (hole) of the uterus, which may occur during a D and C or endometrial biopsy
• Problems from surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy