Staph infections may cause disease due to direct infection or due to the production of toxins by the bacteria. Boils, impetigo, food poisoning, cellulitis, and toxic shock syndrome are all examples of diseases that can be caused by Staphylococcus. Symptoms and signs of a localized staph infection include a collection of pus, such as a boil, furuncle, or abscess. The area is typically tender or painful and may be reddened and swollen.
HOW IS STAPH INFECTION DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose a staph infection, the doctor will:
• Perform a physical exam. During the exam, the doctor will closely examine any skin lesions.
• Collect a sample for testing. Most often, doctors diagnose staph infections by checking a tissue sample or nasal secretions for signs of the bacteria.
HOW IS STAPH INFECTION TREATED?
Treatment of a staph infection may include:
• Antibiotics. Antibiotics commonly prescribed to treat staph infections include certain cephalosporins, nafcillin or related antibiotics, sulfa drugs or vancomycin.
• Wound drainage. Doctor is likely make an incision into the sore to drain fluid that has collected there.
• Device removal. If the infection involves a device or prosthetic, prompt removal of the device is needed. For some devices, removal might require surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Maintaining hygiene is the top priority in preventing this infection