Nephrology, which is a part of internal medicine, deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders that hinder the proper functioning of the kidneys. Nephrologists are physicians who have been trained to help with kidney diseases, which include electrolyte disturbances as well as hypertension. Various sub-specialities within this branch of medical science include interventional nephrologists, Dialyticians and transplant nephrologists. Interventional nephrologists are known to manage the placement of catheters and conduct ultrasonography. Dialyticians cater to the administration of dialysis and transplant nephrologists cater to the monitoring and administration of immunosuppressant’s to transplant patients. Nephrologists in general offer treatment of kidney conditions through medication and dietary recommendations. Medicines that these physicians generally prescribe are steroids and diseases modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), which play an essential role in treating the diseases and symptoms. Strict dietary restrictions are generally made by nephrologists, to help prevent further damage to the kidneys. If the disorder or diseases is at its final stage, dialysis or a transplant is generally recommended. The frequency of the dialysis usually also depends on the stage at which the disease is at. Nephrologists are known to treat a wide variety of kidney related conditions which include, the unexpected renal failure, chronic kidney diseases (generally indicated by the decline in the functioning of the kidney along with low levels of creatinine), and occurrence of blood in urine, loss of protein in urine, kidney stones and electrolyte disorders. Lybrate will definitely offer you help if you are looking for a nephrologist in Kadavanthra, Kochi. The nephrologists at lybrate in Kadavanthra, Kochi will not only help you determine the root cause of your kidney problem but will also offer effective treatments to ease and cure the condition. So do subscribe to Lybrate’s vast medical resource to access a range of medical personnel at the convenience of your own Kadavanthra, Kochi. A list of the most qualified nephrologists at Lybrate in Kadavanthra, Kochi is given above.
The pediatric study of the kidneys, which includes analysis and treatment of renal disorders is nephrology and its practitioner is referred to as a nephrologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist can be consulted by a patient who suffers from a chronic kidney disease.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF NEPHROLOGIST?
A nephrologist performs operations like kidney transplant and removal of kidney stones.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE NEPHROLOGIST FOR
A nephrologist can help in treating blood disorders to a certain extent.
DID YOU KNOW?
The kidneys experience a higher blood flow than the brain or the heart.
4 Types of Kidney Stones and Their Common Symptoms
Defined as hard and small mineral deposits that develop inside your kidney, kidney stones are made up of acid salts and minerals. The causes of this disease are not well-defined, although risk factors include drinking very little amounts of water and having a diet rich in sodium, protein and oxalate (chocolate and green leafy foods for example). However, knowing the type of kidney stone you suffer from can help ascertain the cause. Here are the common types of kidney stones. Struvite stones This type of kidney stone is usually a response to certain kind of infection, such as a urinary tract infection for example. Characterised by rapid growth and a large size, struvite stones can develop without any warning signs. Calcium stones These are the most common type and are caused by a diet rich in oxalate. Risk factors for calcium stones include a diet consisting of plenty of nuts, chocolates and certain fruits and vegetables; metabolic disorders, high doses of vitamin d and intestinal bypass surgery, all of which can increase the amounts of calcium or oxalate in your urine, indicating the development of kidney stones. Cystine stones Those individuals with a hereditary disorder that causes their kidneys to produce certain amino acids (cystinuria to be precise) in excess are most likely to get cystine stones. Uric acid stones These are common in those whose diets are lacking in water or those who suffer from the excess fluid loss. People with a high protein diet and those who suffer from gout are also at risk. Genetic factors play a major role as well in increasing your risk of getting uric acid stones. Apart from these, there are other rarer types of kidney stones that can also arise depending on a combination of an individual's lifestyle and genetic make-up. However, to determine whether you're suffering from any of the aforementioned types of kidney stones, you must first know its common symptoms, which are: excruciating pain in your sides, and back, especially below your ribs feelings of pain in the groin and the lower parts of your abdomen intense and fluctuating pain that comes and goes in waves pain while urinating urine that is red, brown or pink in colour urine that's cloudy or has a foul odour vomiting and nausea constant urge to urinate increased frequency of urination urinating in small amounts chills and fever in case of an infection.