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The shin often tends to pain and swell even after normal running or regular exercises. This is known as Shin Splints. The pain mostly arises due to the repeated stress created on the shin bone and tissue that connects the muscle to the labia. The various causes of it include stress fracture, weakness in stabilizing hip & core muscles, overuse of muscles, flat feet, etc. Runner, athletes, sports person or even dancers easily get affected by this medical condition. Symptoms include mild swelling and mostly pain in the lower front part of the leg.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will diagnose the condition based on a physical examination and your medical history. X-rays and other imaging tests may be required to rule out other causes of pain.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS TREATED?
The treatment of Shin Splints normally requires taking a break from physical activities and taking rest. Shin Splints rarely require surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Wearing proper footwear and modifying your exercise routine can help prevent shin splints from recurring.
Shin splint is an umbrella term used for any pain in the lower leg between the knees and the ankle. It is a dull aching pain along the shinbone, either on the inner side or the anterior side of the leg. A mild swelling and tenderness may develop in the affected limb. The pain is, usually, caused by overexertion of the leg muscles. Shin muscle pain is very common in athletes, dancers, and runners. Generally, it may have been caused by a sudden change in exercise routine or strenuous physical activity. Individuals with flat feet or high arches are at a greater risk of developing this condition. Shin muscle pain can also be the result of a stress fracture. Shin splint treatment involves a host of measures, the goal is to give time to the traumatized bone to heal itself. All physical activity should be avoided till the pain and swelling subside. Ice packs can be used to reduce inflammation, they also provide temporary relief from pain. Wrapping the leg with a compression bandage or neoprene sleeves provides support to the weak tendons and bones. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or orthotics (gel-based shoe inserts) to soothe strained muscles. Cross training, swimming, yoga or any exercise that does not strain the leg muscles can be beneficial. It is advisable, to increase the movement of the affected limb slowly under medical supervision. Wearing proper, well-fitted shoes can provide relief. Warming up routine should precede any physical activity. It is always better to build up an exercise regime gradually.
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