Swollen Gums is a condition in which the gums are inflamed or swollen at different places. Swollen Gums often protrude or bulge out such that they hide parts of the teeth. Swollen Gums often appear red rather than pink. Gingivitis, pregnancy, malnutrition and infection are common causes of Swollen Gums. Symptoms of Swollen Gums are:
• Swollen or inflamed gums
• Reddish color of gums
• Pain while chewing or speaking or brushing
HOW IS SWOLLEN GUMS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of gum disease is done by the following methods
Measuring the gums: A dentist or hygienist will use a periodontal probe to measure the depths of the pockets around all of the teeth in the mouth generally once per calendar year. Healthy gums will have pockets 1 mm-3 mm deep. Beyond that, the deeper the pockets, the more severe the disease.
Taking X-rays: Dental bitewing X-rays will help show the level of the underlying bone and whether any bone has been lost to periodontal disease.
Examining sensitive teeth: Teeth that have become sensitive around the gum line may indicate areas of receding gums.
Checking the gums: A dentist or hygienist will look for red, swollen, or bleeding gums.
HOW IS SWOLLEN GUMS TREATED?
Depending on the diagnosis, the doctor would also provide anti-inflammatory gels to reduce the swelling and ask you to change your oral hygiene pattern. Regular use of mouthwashes and flossing is further suggested to reduce the recurrence of such infections. In rare cases surgery is needed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Gingivitis is the most common cause of Swollen Gums.