Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome is a disorder characterized by multiple non cancerous growth called juvenile polyps. While Polyps are abnormal growths arising from a mucous membrane, these usually appear before the age of 20. While Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome is a genetic disorder, few of the common symptoms of Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome include bleeding from the rectum, diarrhea, chronic weight loss and constipation.
HOW IS JUVENILE POLYPOSIS SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is based on the clinical findings, family history, endoscopic findings and histological analysis of the polyps. Molecular genetic testing may also be useful for confirming the diagnosis in carriers of SMAD4 and BMPR1A gene mutations.
HOW IS JUVENILE POLYPOSIS SYNDROME TREATED?
Management should involve routine colonoscopy and if the number of polyps remains low endoscopic polypectomy is the gold standard for treatment. Due to the risk of cancer and polyposis extension, surgical colectomy associated with proctectomy and ileoanal anastomosis may also be proposed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though juvenile polyps are noncancerous, there is an increased risk of cancer of the digestive tract such as that of stomach or intestines in people who have the juvenile polyps.