Splinting is the process by which muscular, skeletal injuries and other abnormalities are treated. Splinting temporarily immobilizes a limb, in order to reduce the strain caused by injury. In this position, the limb is offered extraneous support during the healing period. It works to relieve the pain and inflammation, and also prevents further damage to the bones and tissue of the limb. Splinting treatment can also be used in emergency situations to stabilize the limb while the patient is being taken to the doctor. It is generally available at all orthopedic clinics. The procedure involves wrapping the injured joint or limb with a cotton pad or ready-made plaster strips. The splinting technique is used increasingly in the treatment of shin splints. Plaster-strips are the most commonly available splinting aids used by the orthopedic physicians. They are comfortable to use and provide good support to the bruised musculoskeletal system. Apart from these, there are Pre-padded fiberglass splints that have a built in padding around the splint. However, some patients find them uncomfortable and there may be issues with cutting off the excess material. Prefabricated splints are yet another option, which may be slightly expensive and not easily available. Another drawback of pre-fabricated splints is that they cannot be customized to individual requirements. Splinting treatments use these aids effectively to provide relief in the cases of muscle and bone injury to the limbs and joints. They are also being employed in the treatment of dislocations, muscle sprains, and painful shin splints.
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