Shin Splints also known as medial tibial stress syndrome is a condition characterized by pain along the shin bone. Shin Splints are common among runners, dancers and military recruits. Shin Splints occur when the training routine for athletes has been intensified suddenly. Symptoms are:
• Pain along the inner side of shin bone
• Mild swelling in the leg
• Pain during exercise or work out
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS DIAGNOSED?
An orthopaedic would do a shin scan or X-ray to check for hairline fractures and shin damage along with checking for signs of inflammation.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS TREATED?
Rest is considered to be one of the best ways to treat Shin Splints. Other methods recommended are ice pack application, using shoe orthotics and stretching exercises. The doctors can prescribe medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen or naproxen.
DID YOU KNOW?
Only in cases of severe stress fracture, surgery is recommended.
Shin splint is an umbrella term used for any pain in the lower leg between the knees and the ankle. It is a dull aching pain along the shinbone, either on the inner side or the anterior side of the leg. A mild swelling and tenderness may develop in the affected limb. The pain is, usually, caused by overexertion of the leg muscles. Shin muscle pain is very common in athletes, dancers, and runners. Generally, it may have been caused by a sudden change in exercise routine or strenuous physical activity. Individuals with flat feet or high arches are at a greater risk of developing this condition. Shin muscle pain can also be the result of a stress fracture. Shin splint treatment involves a host of measures, the goal is to give time to the traumatized bone to heal itself. All physical activity should be avoided till the pain and swelling subside. Ice packs can be used to reduce inflammation, they also provide temporary relief from pain. Wrapping the leg with a compression bandage or neoprene sleeves provides support to the weak tendons and bones. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or orthotics (gel-based shoe inserts) to soothe strained muscles. Cross training, swimming, yoga or any exercise that does not strain the leg muscles can be beneficial. It is advisable, to increase the movement of the affected limb slowly under medical supervision. Wearing proper, well-fitted shoes can provide relief. Warming up routine should precede any physical activity. It is always better to build up an exercise regime gradually.
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