Chondrosarcoma is a type of ailment categorised as a sarcoma. It basically affects the bones and joints of the patient. This is a rare form of cancer that gives rise to bone tumours. Ollier’s disease and Wilms’ tumour are some of the causes for this condition. The symptoms at most may include the feeling of a bone protruding like a lump.
HOW IS CHONDROSARCOMA DIAGNOSED?
A bone tumor is often first discovered on x-ray after a physical exam. Other tests, including a bone scan, CT scan, MRI and PET scan, can provide more information about the tumor. Ultimately, biopsy of the tumor is the only way to make a definite diagnosis of chondrosarcoma. After the biopsy procedure, a pathologist looks at the tumor’s cells under the microscope to make a diagnosis.
HOW IS CHONDROSARCOMA TREATED?
Treatment depends on the location and aggressiveness of the disease. Surgery is the main form of treatment. Musculoskeletal tumour specialists or orthopaedic oncologists are usually chosen to treat chondrosarcoma. Amputation of the arm, leg, jaw or half of the pelvis may be necessary in some cases. Complete surgical ablation is the most effective treatment. Proton therapy can be useful in awkward locations to make surgery more effective.
DID YOU KNOW?
In general, low grade tumors have an excellent prognosis, with a small chance of recurrence and virtually no chance of disease spread. Risks increase as the grade of the tumor increases, with de-differentiated tumors having the highest risk of recurrence and metastasis and a poor survival rate.