Histoplasmosis is a rare type of a lung infection and it is primarily caused by inhaling Histoplasma capsulatum fungal spores. Histoplasmosis is common among AIDS patients due to their suppressed immunity. While Histoplasmosis is of two types, acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term), most people infected with this disease have no symptoms. However, the symptoms start to show after 10 days of exposure to the fungal spores. The possible symptoms of Histoplasmosis are dry cough, fever, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, high fever and chest pain.
HOW IS HISTOPLASMOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Histoplasmosis is challenging. Available tests for the disease take a long time to provide results. Testing is done by taking samples from lung secretions, blood and urine, biopsied lung tissue and bone marrow.
HOW IS HISTOPLASMOSIS TREATED?
A mild Histoplasmosis does not require treatment but a severe case of Histoplasmosis requires an oral antifungal medication and IV treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
The most severe form of Histoplasmosis is called disseminated Histoplasmosis. If this condition is left untreated, it could be fatal.