Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by breathing in spores of a fungus often found in bird and bat droppings. Sometimes the infection spreads, causing the liver, spleen and lymph nodes to enlarge and damaging other organs. The symptoms may include:
• Fever and chills
• Cough and chest pain that gets worse when breathing in
• Joint pain
• Mouth sores
• Red skin bumps, most often on the lower legs
HOW IS HISTOPLASMOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Histoplasmosis is diagnosed by:
• Biopsy of the lung, skin, liver or bone marrow
• Blood or urine tests to detect histoplasmosis proteins or antibodies
• Cultures of the blood, urine or sputum
• Chest CT scan
• Chest x-ray
• Spinal tap to look for signs of infection in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
HOW IS HISTOPLASMOSIS TREATED?
A mild Histoplasmosis does not require treatment but a severe case of Histoplasmosis requires an oral antifungal medication and IV treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
If left untreated, Histoplasmosis can lead to serious, even fatal consequences.