Chronic granulomatous disease is an inherited disorder in which certain immune system cells do not function properly. This leads to ongoing and severe infection. About half of CGD cases are passed down through families and sex-linked trait. Boys are more likely to get the disorder than girls. CGD can cause many types of skin infections that are not easy to treat, including:
• Blisters or sores on the face (impetigo)
• Growths filled with pus (abscesses)
• Pus-filled lumps in the skin (boils)
HOW IS CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the disease is through clinical evaluation, physical examination and evaluation of patient history. General physicians may order for nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) slide test which is based on testing the WBCs. Another commonly referred test for CGD is dihydrorhodamine 123 test for determining the functioning of WBCs
HOW IS CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE TREATED?
There is no real cure for Chronic Granulomatous Disease. Treatment involves prevention of infections and this is done by ensuring minimal exposure to bacteria and fungi. Preventive antibiotics are a common prescription for people affected with CGD.
DID YOU KNOW?
Chronic Granulomatous Disease is more prevalent in males than in females