The common cold is a self-limited contagious illness that can be caused by a number of different types of viruses. The common cold is medically referred to as a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Symptoms of a common cold may include a cough, sore throat, watery eyes, nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing. More than 200 different types of viruses are known to cause the common cold, with rhinovirus causing approximately 10-40% of all adult colds. Other commonly implicated viruses include coronavirus, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus. Because so many different viruses can cause the common cold and because new cold viruses constantly develop, the body never builds up resistance against all of them.
HOW IS COLDS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the cold usually doesn’t require any sever procedures or tests. A general physician may just conduct a regular check. However, if congestion is expected or ear pain follows, X-ray or scan could be advised.
HOW IS COLDS TREATED?
Home treatments can be very effective in treating the common cold. If colds are accompanied by body pains or ear pain or headaches, appropriate treatment is required. Nasal congestion due to cold may be relieved by steaming or by using nasal sprays. Expectorants may be given for a cough caused due to colds.
DID YOU KNOW?
Flu is a severe condition of common cold that is characterized by fever and body aches.