A black eye, also referred as periorbital hematoma, or shiner, is bruising in the tissue under the skin surrounding eye. Bleeding beneath the skin and around the eye causes black eye. The area around the eye turns dark because tiny blood vessels under the skin burst, and leads to leak of blood around soft tissues. This can occur because of many factors ranging from surgery to any accident. This condition is often painful depending on the cause of the problem. It makes the skin swollen.
HOW IS BLACK EYE DIAGNOSED?
An ophthalmologist or a general physician diagnoses black eye by the clinical picture and features
HOW IS BLACK EYE TREATED?
Black eye caused due to a minor injury does not require any medication or treatment, it will eventually fade out. Applying an ice pack helps bring down the puffiness and reduce the internal bleeding. Painkillers may be given to alleviate pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Application of an ice pack immediately after injury can help in ensuring that swelling and too much spread does not take place.