In the human system, kidney plays a crucial role in excretion of waste water from the body to keep the system clean and functioning healthily. But kidney gets affected for various reasons including, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high creatinine (protein products) accumulating in the kidney. People with these problems should see a nephrologist to check the condition of the organ. Kidney or renal failure occurs with the symptoms like frequent urination, urinary problems, fatigue, nausea and vomiting and pain in the affected area. In some cases, there may be fluid retention, where there is swelling develops under the eyes causing puffiness, swelling in the arms and legs. These symptoms are not evident in the earlier stages of failure but grow in the severe or critical period. Hence, approaching the doctor must be as soon as the person finds there is a change in his system. A kidney transplant treatment is performed when a person's kidney fails. It is a surgery to replace the failed kidney with a donor kidney whose blood type matches with the receiver. The transplant is done by matching either a donor who is alive or someone who is dead provided organ has been carefully cultivated and stored. This procedure is carried out by Nephrologists, who can diagnose the problem through tests, identify the right match, and transplant the kidney with the old. There are hospitals which specialize in organ transplant. When this facility is not available in the hospital where the person went for diagnosing and treatment, the doctor refers them to such hospitals for transplant.
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