Burns include heat burns (caused by fire, hot objects and liquids, steam), cold temperature burns (due to wet, windy and cold conditions), electrical burns (lighting and electric equipment), chemical burns (due to industrial chemicals, household disinfectants), radiations burns (sunlight, x-ray) and friction burns (after falls on carpet roads, hard floors). Burns usually damage skin but also affect muscles, tissues, nerves and even eyes depending on the severity and intensity. Moreover, the breathing of hot air gases can injure airways and lungs sometimes leading to fatal conditions. Burns are categorised into 4 degrees based on the injury to the skin and underlying tissues. First degree burns consists of damage to the first layer of skin whereas the second-degree burns will affect either first and second skin layers (superficial partial thickness burns) or extend up to deeper skin layers (deep partial thickness burns). Third-degree burns will involve all the skin layers and underlying tissues whereas fourth degree refers to burns which extend through to skin to muscles, tendons, nerves, ligaments. blood vessels and bones.
HOW IS BURNS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is based on various factors which are:
• the level of pain in the affected area
• the amount of damage to the area
• the depth of the burn
• signs of possible infection
• the amount of swelling present
Other tests include X-ray, blood tests and various diagnostic tests.
HOW IS BURNS TREATED?
It is treated by a general surgeon/plastic surgeon depending on the level of burn. Treatments include:
2. Physical therapy
4. lifelong assisted care
Also ayurvedic and homeopathic medications are used to cure burns and burn marks
DID YOU KNOW?
Ensure that no clothing gets stuck to the burn after a third degree case.