Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that affects the bones and joints. It affects adults between the age of 20 and 60 years old, and it is more common in men. The disease usually starts in the bones of the arms, legs or pelvis, but it can be found in any part of the body that contains cartilage. Sometimes chondrosarcoma grows on an otherwise healthy bone, and sometimes it grows on a benign bone tumor.
HOW IS CHONDROSARCOMA DIAGNOSED?
A bone tumor is often first discovered on x-ray after a physical exam. Other tests, including a bone scan, CT scan, MRI and PET scan, can provide more information about the tumor. Ultimately, biopsy of the tumor is the only way to make a definite diagnosis of chondrosarcoma. After the biopsy procedure, a pathologist looks at the tumor’s cells under the microscope to make a diagnosis.
HOW IS CHONDROSARCOMA TREATED?
The most common treatment method is complete removal of tumour and surrounding tissue through surgery. Limb salvage surgery is a common treatment method; amputation of the limb is rare and is done only in very severe cases. For recurrent cases, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be followed.
DID YOU KNOW?
This tumour is usually found in the arm, leg or pelvic area.