A medical practitioner who attends to all children related ailments is called the pediatrician. A Certain type of congenital deformities requires the interference of a Reconstructive surgeon. Children Reconstructive Surgery is nothing but plastic surgery for children. The major divisions of Children Reconstructive surgery Treatment are reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive surgery is performed to make corrections to birth defects and cosmetic surgery is performed to increase the self-confidence, which is usually elective. Cleft lip and/ or palate, Syndactyly/ Polydactyly which is a malformation affecting limbs, Positional plagiocephaly and Craniosynostosis which is a surgery to reconstruct the skull are the most common reconstructive surgeries carried out to correct issues which occur at the time of birth. The most common cosmetic plastic surgeries are Breast augmentation, Ear surgery, Male breast reduction and Rhinoplasty. Post-surgical care is really important in all these cases. Regular appointment with the surgeon after the surgery is required. Any abnormal occurrences such as excess pain in the operated area, bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea are to be reported to the physician immediately. Multi-disciplinary treatments are sometimes necessary. This means that a particular case might require the involvement of experts from other departments. For instance, in the case of cleft palate, the involvement of maxillofacial surgeons, speech therapists, orthodontists, and audiologists is necessary. This type of multi-disciplinary treatment is made available in most of the clinics to make it easier to treat pediatric ailments.
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