Cataract is the clouding of the lens of the eyes with hampers your vision partially or completely. This happens due to built-up of protein over the lens of the eye. Cataract could be age related, congenital, and traumatic or due to other secondary reasons such as diabetes or over exposure to UV rays or radiation. Cataract starts slowly and cause minimal symptoms till there is evident loss of vision. The common symptoms include blurry vision, change in the colour that you see, problem with driving at night, double vision, problem with glare during the day and sudden change in your glasses prescription.
HOW IS CATARACT DIAGNOSED?
The ophthalmologist can diagnose the issue with the help of eye exam where the doctor will check the dilation of the pupils and other parts of the lens and eyes. Other vision tests and a tonometry may also be conducted for diagnosis.
HOW IS CATARACT TREATED?
An ophthalmologist treats cataract by performing a surgery called phacoemulsification.
DID YOU KNOW?
The risk factors for cataract are:
• Ultraviolet radiation from sunlight and other sources
• Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications
• Statin medicines used to reduce cholesterol
• Previous eye injury or inflammation
• Previous eye surgery
• Hormone replacement therapy
• Significant alcohol consumption
• High myopia
• Family history