Diabetes is often referred by doctors as diabetes mellitus which is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry.
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
A specialist from the endocrinology department will be able to carry out proper diagnosis of the condition. The AC1 test, the FPG or fasting test and the OGTT test or oral glucose tolerance test are usually carried out in order to effectively diagnose the condition and to find out the type of diabetes that the patient may be suffering from.
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
Diabetes usually lasts a lifetime, however, some people have managed to get rid of their symptoms without medication, through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control. Regular insulin injections are recommended for certain cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are three types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, body does not produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, body does not produce enough insulin and gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Type 2 diabetes is most common, 90% of the cases.
The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. People can develop diabetes at any age. Both women & men can develop diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, develops mostly in young age people, however, type 1 diabetes can also occur in adults. In the type 1 diabetes, your body no longer develops insulin or enough insulin because of the body’s immune system, which protects you from infection by getting rid of virus, bacteria & other harmful substances has attacked & destroyed the cells that make insulin.
Type 1 diabetes treatment includes:
• Taking injections of insulin
• Sometimes taking medicines
• Healthy food choices
• Being physically active
• Controlling blood pressure & cholesterol levels
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, also called as adult-onset diabetes. It can affect people at any age, even children. However, the type 2 diabetes develops mostly in middle aged and older age people. People who are overweight & inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes treatment includes:
• Use diabetes medicines
• Healthy food choices
• Physically active
• Controlling blood pressure & cholesterol level
Gestational diabetes can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant lady have hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. If the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin during the pregnancy, a woman develops gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes most often goes after the baby is born. However, a woman who had the gestational diabetes been more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Diabetes Mellitus, can lead to serious problems with your blood vessels, nerves, heart, mouth, kidneys, eyes & feet. All these problems can lead to an assumption, which is surgery to remove a damaged part or toe or foot, for example.
One of the most serious problems caused by Diabetes Mellitus is the heart disease. When you have diabetes mellitus, you are more than twice as likely people as people without diabetes mellitus or diabetes to have heart attack.
Blood tests can show if you have diabetes mellitus. Exercise, weight control & sticking to healthy meals can also help you to control your diabetes and you should also monitor your blood sugar level and also take regular medicines if prescribed.
It’s a disease with a course that can be predicted and given due medical attention to and even treated if you listen to your doctor. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners in Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Coimbatore. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about diabetes and its associated conditions.
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