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Permanent damage to or inflammation in the bronchial tubes can lead to a condition known as Bronchiectasis. It can be caused if you have mistakenly swallowed some foreign particles, or breathed in harmful stomach acids. It can lead to excessive coughing with blood, shortness of breath and even chest pain.
HOW IS BRONCHIECTASIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will listen to the lungs to check for any abnormal sounds or evidence of airway blockage. The following tests are conducted to support the diagnosis:
2. Sputum test
3.chest X Ray
4. Pulmonary function test
5. Purified protein derivative skin test to check for tuberculosis
HOW IS BRONCHIECTASIS TREATED?
The damage caused to the lungs by bronchiectasis is permanent, but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and stop the damage getting worse.
The main treatments include:
• exercises and special devices to help you clear mucus out of your lungs
• medication to help improve airflow within the lungs
• antibiotics to treat any lung infections that develop
• Surgery is usually only considered for bronchiectasis in rare cases
DID YOU KNOW?
Bronchiectasis can be congenital or acquired. Congenital bronchiectasis affects infants and children which is the result of a problem with how the lungs form in a fetus. Acquired bronchiectasis occurs as a result of another condition or factor. This type of bronchiectasis can affect adults and older children.